Write a 700-1,050 word paper in which you define “cognitive …

Write a 700-1,050 word paper in which you define “cognitive psychology”. Address the following: * Identify at least four key milestones in the development of cognitive psychology as a discipline. * Discuss the importance of behavioral observation in psychology. Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

Cognitive psychology is a sub-discipline of psychology that focuses on the study of mental processes such as perception, attention, memory, language, problem-solving, and decision-making. It seeks to understand how individuals acquire, process, and store information, and how these mental processes contribute to behavior.

The development of cognitive psychology as a discipline can be understood through key milestones that have shaped its theoretical framework and research methods. Four important milestones in the development of cognitive psychology are the advent of behaviorism, the cognitive revolution, the development of information-processing models, and the emergence of cognitive neuroscience.

The first milestone in the development of cognitive psychology was the advent of behaviorism in the early 20th century. Behaviorism, led by psychologists such as John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner, emphasized the importance of observable behavior and rejected the study of mental processes. This approach dominated psychology for several decades and delayed the recognition of cognitive processes as legitimate objects of scientific study.

The second milestone is the cognitive revolution, which emerged in the 1950s and 1960s as a reaction against behaviorism. Cognitive psychology emerged as an alternative to behaviorism, emphasizing the study of mental processes and the use of introspection and mental experiments. This revolution led to a renewed interest in the study of cognition and the formulation of new theories and models.

The development of information-processing models in the 1950s and 1960s is another key milestone in the development of cognitive psychology. Researchers such as George Miller, Ulric Neisser, and Herbert Simon proposed models that compared the human mind to a computer, suggesting that mental processes could be understood as the manipulation of information. These models provided a theoretical framework for the study of cognitive processes and laid the groundwork for further research in cognitive psychology.

The final milestone in the development of cognitive psychology is the emergence of cognitive neuroscience in the late 20th century. Cognitive neuroscience combines the study of cognitive processes with neuroscientific methods such as brain imaging techniques. This interdisciplinary field has contributed to our understanding of the neural basis of cognition, linking cognitive processes to specific brain regions and neural networks.

Behavioral observation plays a crucial role in psychology, including cognitive psychology, as it allows researchers to gather data about individualsā€™ behaviors in a controlled setting. By observing and recording behavior, psychologists can make inferences about underlying cognitive processes. This is particularly important in cognitive psychology, where mental processes are not directly observable. Behavioral observation provides valuable insights into cognitive processes by examining their behavioral manifestations.

One key importance of behavioral observation in psychology is the ability to collect objective data that can be analyzed and interpreted statistically. By observing behavior in a systematic and standardized manner, psychologists can ensure that their observations are reliable and valid. This allows for the quantification of behavior, which is essential for the scientific study of cognitive processes.

Behavioral observation also enables psychologists to test theories and hypotheses about cognitive processes. By observing how individuals behave in specific tasks or situations, researchers can evaluate the predictions made by their theories. This process of hypothesis testing helps to refine and develop theories, leading to a deeper understanding of cognitive processes.

Furthermore, behavioral observation allows for the study of individual differences in cognitive processes. By observing and comparing the behaviors of different individuals, psychologists can identify patterns and individual variations in cognitive processes. This knowledge can contribute to the development of personalized interventions and treatments in areas such as education, clinical psychology, and cognitive rehabilitation.

In conclusion, cognitive psychology is a discipline that focuses on the study of mental processes and their contribution to behavior. Its development can be understood through key milestones, such as the advent of behaviorism, the cognitive revolution, the development of information-processing models, and the emergence of cognitive neuroscience. Behavioral observation is a crucial tool in psychology, including cognitive psychology, as it enables researchers to gather objective data, test theories, and study individual differences in cognitive processes.},