Watch video: and answer the following questions:1. What are…

Watch video: and answer the following questions: 1. What are the 3 components of memory? 2. What is sensory memory? Working (short term) memory? and Long term memory? 3. What is the goal of learning? 4. How do we maintain easy access to long term memory? 5. What are the 3 processes that learning is dependent on? 6. Does being tested on material and just studying material have an impact on learning and application? How would this affect the way you would study for a test?

1. The three components of memory are sensory memory, working memory (also known as short-term memory), and long-term memory.

2. Sensory memory refers to the initial stage of memory where information from the environment is briefly registered. It acts as a buffer, holding sensory information for a very short duration (up to a few seconds) to allow further processing. Working memory, on the other hand, is the active storage and manipulation of information in the present moment. It has limited capacity and duration, typically holding information for around 10-20 seconds unless it is rehearsed or encoded into long-term memory. Lastly, long-term memory is the relatively permanent storage of information that lasts for an extended period, from hours to years.

3. The goal of learning is to acquire knowledge or skills that can be retained and later applied when needed. When we learn, our aim is to encode information into long-term memory, where it becomes a lasting part of our knowledge base.

4. To maintain easy access to long-term memory, several strategies can be employed. One important factor is the frequency and quality of retrieval. Retrieval practice involves recalling information from memory, which strengthens and solidifies the memory trace. Regularly reviewing information and actively testing oneself on it can enhance long-term retention. Additionally, creating meaningful connections and associations with the information being learned can make it more memorable. These associations can be in the form of relating new information to prior knowledge or organizing information into a structured framework.

5. Learning is dependent on three primary processes: encoding, storage, and retrieval. Encoding refers to how information is initially processed and registered for storage in memory. It involves transforming incoming information into a mental representation that can be stored. Storage refers to the retention of encoded information over time. Finally, retrieval is the process of accessing and recalling stored information from memory when it is needed.

6. Being tested on material and simply studying material can indeed have an impact on learning and application. Research has consistently shown that retrieval practice, such as being tested on material, improves long-term retention and promotes better application of knowledge. Testing enhances memory strength by actively engaging with the material and uncovering gaps in knowledge. In contrast, passive learning through studying alone may give an illusion of mastery but can lead to less effective retrieval and application of knowledge. Therefore, to study for a test, it is beneficial to engage in active retrieval practice, such as self-quizzing or using practice tests, in addition to reviewing the material. This approach promotes deeper processing, better retention, and more accurate application of learned material during the test.