Watch video: and answer the following questions:1. What ar…

Watch video: and answer the following questions: 1. What are the 3 components of memory? 2. What is sensory memory? Working (short term) memory? and Long term memory? 3. What is the goal of learning? 4. How do we maintain easy access to long term memory? 5. What are the 3 processes that learning is dependent on? 6. Does being tested on material and just studying material have an impact on learning and application? How would this affect the way you would study for a test?

1. The three components of memory are encoding, storage, and retrieval. Encoding refers to the process of transforming sensory information into a form that can be stored in the brain. Storage involves maintaining and organizing information over time. Retrieval, on the other hand, is the process of accessing and recalling stored information.

2. Sensory memory is the initial stage of memory where information from the environment is briefly registered and stored. It includes sensory modalities such as visual (iconic) and auditory (echoic) memory. Sensory memory has a large capacity but a short duration, typically lasting only a few seconds.

Working memory, also known as short-term memory, is the stage of memory in which we actively manipulate and process information. It is responsible for temporarily holding information that we are consciously aware of and working with at any given moment. Working memory has a limited capacity, typically holding only a few items for a short period, unless rehearsed or transferred to long-term memory.

Long-term memory is the stage of memory where information is stored for a longer duration, from hours to a lifetime. It has a theoretically unlimited capacity and can include episodic memory (events and personal experiences), semantic memory (general knowledge), and procedural memory (skills and how to do things).

3. The goal of learning is to acquire knowledge, skills, or behavior that can be retained and later retrieved when needed. Learning allows individuals to adapt to their environment, solve problems, and enhance their overall competence in various areas.

4. Easy access to long-term memory can be maintained through frequent retrieval practice and spaced repetition. Retrieval practice involves actively recalling information from memory, which strengthens memory traces and improves retention. Spaced repetition refers to distributing study sessions over time, allowing for multiple exposures to the material with increasing time intervals. These techniques help consolidate and strengthen memory traces, making it easier to retrieve information in the future.

5. Learning is dependent on three processes: encoding, consolidation, and retrieval. Encoding is the process of acquiring and processing new information to make it compatible with the brain’s storage systems. Consolidation occurs after encoding and involves stabilizing and strengthening the memory traces in long-term memory. Lastly, retrieval is the process of accessing and recalling stored information from memory.

6. Being tested on material and studying material both have an impact on learning and application. Testing enhances learning because it promotes retrieval practice, which strengthens memory traces and aids in long-term retention. It also provides feedback on what has been learned and identifies gaps in knowledge. On the other hand, studying material alone can help with encoding and consolidation. However, without retrieval practice, the information may not be deeply encoded and may not be as readily available for future retrieval.

To effectively study for a test, it is important to combine studying material with regular retrieval practice. This can be done through methods such as actively recalling information from memory, using flashcards, practicing with sample questions or problems, or teaching the material to someone else. Additionally, spacing out study sessions over time and reviewing material at regular intervals can further enhance learning and retention.