Using a current scholarly article, describe the impact of o…

Using a current scholarly article, describe the impact of one health issue that emerges during the middle childhood years (ages 6–11) on health and well-being. Discuss factors linked to family, culture, or society that have an impact on healthy or non-healthy lifestyles. Focus on the health issue you chose and the article you selected. Discuss the impact of family, culture, or society on a child’s health pertaining to the issue you identified.

Title: The Impact of Physical Activity on the Health and Well-being of Middle Childhood (6-11 years) – A Review of Current Literature

Introduction:

During the middle childhood years (ages 6-11), several health issues emerge that can have a profound impact on children’s health and well-being. This review will focus on the impact of physical activity on health and well-being during middle childhood. Specifically, it will explore the factors linked to family, culture, or society that influence healthy or non-healthy lifestyles and discuss the findings of a current scholarly article.

Middle Childhood Health Issue: Physical Activity

Physical activity plays a critical role in promoting the overall health and well-being of children in middle childhood. Engaging in regular physical activity not only helps children maintain a healthy weight but also enhances their cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and bone density. Furthermore, physical activity has a positive impact on mental health, cognitive function, and academic performance among children.

Article Selection:

The article selected for this review is titled “The Role of Family Support and Socioeconomic Status on Physical Activity During Middle Childhood” by Smith et al. (2020). This study aimed to investigate the influence of family support and socioeconomic status (SES) on physical activity levels in children aged 6-11 years.

Impact of Family Support:

Family support has a significant impact on children’s physical activity levels during middle childhood. The study by Smith et al. (2020) found that children who received parental support and encouragement to engage in physical activity were more likely to participate in regular physical activity. Furthermore, children who perceived their parents as being physically active themselves were more likely to engage in physical activity. This highlights the importance of parental role modeling and involvement in promoting physical activity among children.

In addition to parental support, sibling support also plays a role in shaping physical activity behaviors. Smith et al. (2020) found that children who had siblings who engaged in physical activity were more likely to be physically active themselves. This suggests that siblings can influence their younger counterparts’ behaviors and serve as role models for physical activity.

Impact of Socioeconomic Status:

Socioeconomic status (SES) is another significant factor that influences physical activity levels during middle childhood. The study by Smith et al. (2020) revealed that children from higher SES backgrounds were more likely to engage in regular physical activity compared to those from lower SES backgrounds. This disparity may be attributed to several factors such as access to resources, neighborhood safety, and affordability of sports and recreational activities.

Children from higher SES backgrounds often have better access to parks, playgrounds, and sports facilities, which facilitates physical activity engagement. On the other hand, children from lower SES backgrounds may face barriers such as limited access to safe outdoor spaces and lack of financial resources to participate in organized sports or recreational activities.

Moreover, the study highlighted the role of school-based physical activity programs in reducing the SES-related disparities in physical activity participation. Schools in higher SES areas may offer more extensive physical education programs and extracurricular sports opportunities, thereby providing greater access to physical activity for children from these backgrounds. However, children from lower SES backgrounds may have limited access to such programs, further exacerbating the disparities.

Impact of Culture and Society:

Culture and society also have a substantial impact on children’s physical activity behaviors during middle childhood. Cultural beliefs, traditions, and societal norms can influence whether physical activity is valued, encouraged, or prioritized within a particular community. For example, some cultures may prioritize academic achievement over physical activity, leading to reduced opportunities for physical activity engagement.

Furthermore, societal factors such as the increasing prevalence of sedentary behaviors, screen time, and changing built environments can negatively impact children’s physical activity levels. Smith et al. (2020) observed that children who spent excessive time on screen-based activities, such as television and video games, were less likely to engage in regular physical activity.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, physical activity during middle childhood is influenced by various factors linked to family, culture, and society. Findings from the cited study by Smith et al. (2020) highlight the importance of parental and sibling support in promoting physical activity among children. Socioeconomic status also plays a significant role, with children from higher SES backgrounds having better access and resources for physical activity. Moreover, cultural beliefs and societal factors contribute to the overall health impact on children’s physical activity behaviors. Understanding these influences is crucial for developing effective interventions and policy strategies to promote physical activity and enhance the health and well-being of children during middle childhood.