This week you will be continuing with the Method section of…

This week you will be continuing with the Method section of your Program Evaluation Report. Please refer to page 222 and complete the following subsections of the Method section:  Setting, Participants, and Outcomes and Measures.  Be sure to include sources that provide data related to the validity and reliability of the measure(s) you selected. BOOK IS EVALUATION FUNDAMENTALS INSIGHTS INTO PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS QUALITY AND VALUE AUTHOR ARLENE FINK

Title: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Program Effectiveness: Assessing Setting, Participants, and Outcomes and Measures


Evaluation of program effectiveness plays a vital role in determining the impact of various interventions and initiatives. To conduct a comprehensive program evaluation, it is crucial to establish a robust methodological framework, which includes clearly defining the setting, participants, and outcomes and measures. This article aims to delve into these three critical subsections within the Method section of a Program Evaluation Report.


The setting of a program evaluation refers to the context or environment in which the program is implemented. It encapsulates the physical, social, and cultural aspects that shape the program’s operation. For accurate evaluation, it is essential to describe the setting in detail, including its characteristics, resources, demographics, and any contextual factors that potentially affect program outcomes.

In our evaluation, the setting is the XYZ Community Center, a nonprofit organization serving low-income families in a diverse urban neighborhood. To provide a comprehensive understanding of the setting, data from various sources will be utilized. These sources may include program documents, community profiles, local government reports, and relevant literature on the community’s social and economic dynamics. These sources will provide valuable insights into the context in which the program operates, ensuring a clearer interpretation of results and their external validity.


Another critical aspect of a program evaluation is identifying and describing the participants involved in the program. Participants can be individuals, groups, organizations, or communities targeted or affected by the program. Describing the characteristics of the participants helps evaluate the program’s reach, effectiveness, and potential for scalability or replication.

In our evaluation, the target participants consist of low-income families with children in the age range of 5-12 years residing within a specified geographical area. To provide an accurate description, data will be collected from multiple sources, including program enrollment records, participant surveys, intake interviews, and relevant demographic data from community sources. It is crucial to ensure the privacy and confidentiality of the participants during data collection and analysis to maintain ethical standards.

Outcomes and Measures:

The outcomes and measures section determines the criteria against which program effectiveness will be assessed. Outcomes are the desired changes that the program aims to achieve, while measures refer to the methods used to assess or quantify those changes. Selecting appropriate outcomes and measures ensures the evaluation’s validity and reliability and supports data-driven decision-making.

To identify the outcomes and measures for our evaluation, we will employ a mixed-method approach. This approach combines qualitative and quantitative methods to provide a comprehensive understanding of program effectiveness. The selected outcomes will encompass both short-term and long-term goals of the program, including improvements in academic performance, social skills, and overall family well-being.

To ensure the validity and reliability of the measures, we will draw upon established research and validated assessment tools. For example, the academic performance of children can be measured using standardized tests such as the Test of Early Reading Ability, while social skills can be assessed using well-validated scales like the Social Skills Improvement System. It is vital to justify the selection of each measure by providing evidence from relevant research studies, psychometric properties, or expert opinions. This practice enhances the defensibility and credibility of the evaluation findings.


By comprehensively describing the setting, participants, and outcomes and measures, this evaluation aims to ensure the robustness and transparency of the Program Evaluation Report. The careful selection and validation of measures will enable accurate assessment of program effectiveness, allowing policymakers and program stakeholders to make informed decisions. As we progress with the program evaluation, it is important to continually refer to relevant literature and consult with experts to refine and strengthen our methodological framework.