Theories of successful aging explain factors that support i…

Theories of successful aging explain factors that support individuals as they grow old, contributing to their ability to function. Increasing your understanding of factors that support successful aging improves your ability to address the needs of elderly clients and their families. To prepare for this Discussion, review this week’s media. In addition, select a theory of successful aging to apply to Sarah’s case. a Discussion in which you: Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014). . Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].

Successful aging is a concept that has gained importance in recent years, as society continues to face the challenges of an aging population. It focuses on understanding the factors that support individuals as they grow older, and how these factors contribute to their ability to function and maintain a high quality of life. This understanding is crucial for healthcare professionals, as it enables them to address the needs of elderly clients and their families more effectively.

One theory that can be applied to the case of Sarah is the Socioemotional Selectivity Theory (SST), proposed by Laura Carstensen. The SST suggests that as individuals age, they become increasingly aware of the limited time they have left, and this awareness influences their emotional goals and social interactions. According to this theory, older adults prioritize emotional satisfaction and positive experiences, leading them to selectively invest in close relationships and activities that are emotionally meaningful to them.

In Sarah’s case, the SST can help us understand her behavior and needs as she is transitioning into the older adult stage. Sarah’s husband recently passed away, and she has been feeling lonely and isolated. Applying the SST, we can hypothesize that Sarah’s awareness of her limited time left has made her more focused on maximizing emotional satisfaction and meaningful social interactions. Therefore, it is important to address her feelings of loneliness and help her create opportunities for engaging in activities and cultivating close relationships that bring her joy and fulfillment.

The SST also emphasizes the role of motivation in successful aging. As individuals age, their perception of time influences their goals and priorities. In Sarah’s case, her motivation to improve her physical health and well-being may be strongly influenced by the awareness of her limited time left. It is important to engage Sarah in activities that promote physical activity, such as exercise classes or outdoor activities, to not only improve her physical health but also enhance her overall well-being.

Another relevant theory that can be applied to Sarah’s case is the Selective Optimization with Compensation (SOC) theory, proposed by Paul Baltes and his colleagues. The SOC theory suggests that successful aging involves individuals optimizing their resources, compensating for losses, and selecting goals that are in line with their capabilities and values. According to this theory, individuals engage in a process of selection, optimization, and compensation as they age, seeking to maintain and enhance their functioning despite age-related challenges.

In Sarah’s case, the SOC theory can help us understand her need to compensate for the loss of her husband and the feelings of loneliness she is experiencing. Sarah may need to undergo a process of selection, where she focuses on activities and relationships that are most meaningful and fulfilling to her. This could involve seeking out new social activities, joining support groups, or participating in volunteer work.

Optimization is another important aspect of the SOC theory, which suggests that individuals need to actively engage in strategies to enhance their functioning. In Sarah’s case, this could involve seeking counseling or therapy to address her feelings of grief and loneliness, as well as engaging in activities that promote her physical and mental well-being. By actively optimizing her resources and seeking support, Sarah can enhance her ability to cope with the challenges associated with aging and improve her overall quality of life.

Lastly, the SOC theory emphasizes the importance of compensation, which involves finding alternative ways to achieve goals when age-related limitations pose a challenge. In Sarah’s case, this could involve finding new hobbies or interests that bring her joy and fulfillment, and adapting her lifestyle to accommodate her changing needs. For example, Sarah may need to make adjustments to her daily routine or living arrangements to ensure she has the support and assistance she needs to maintain her independence and well-being.

In conclusion, theories of successful aging provide valuable insights into the factors that support individuals as they grow older and contribute to their ability to function and maintain a high quality of life. By applying theories such as the Socioemotional Selectivity Theory and the Selective Optimization with Compensation theory to the case of Sarah, healthcare professionals can gain a better understanding of her needs and tailor their interventions accordingly. This understanding is imperative in ensuring the well-being and successful aging of older adults and can lead to improved outcomes for both the individuals and their families.