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THE TITLE PAGE AND REFEREENCE PAGE IS ALREADY COMPLETE. THE SOURCE FOR INFORMATION IS PROVIDE AND CAN ONLY USE THIS ONE SOURCE. Ā PLEASE READ THE WRITING ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS MUST BE 4 TOTAL BODY PAGES AT LEAST 1000-1500 WORDS DUE BY MARCH 29TH MAIN POINT OF THE PAPER: DOES MARRIAGE MAKE PEOPLE HAPPY OR DO HAPPY PEOPLE GET MARRIED? ARE MARRIED PEOPLE OR SINGLE PEOPLE MORE HAPPY? Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Does Marriage Make People Happy or Do Happy People Get Married? An Analysis of Marital Happiness

Introduction

The question of whether marriage makes people happy or if happy individuals are more likely to get married has been a topic of interest and ongoing debate in the field of psychology and social sciences. The purpose of this paper is to explore and analyze existing research on the relationship between marriage and happiness, and to determine whether married people are happier than single individuals.

Marriage and Happiness: A Complex Relationship

Marriage has traditionally been considered a source of happiness and fulfillment in many societies. The assumption is that entering a marital union brings emotional well-being, companionship, and support, ultimately leading to greater life satisfaction. However, empirical studies on the subject have yielded mixed results, with some indicating higher levels of happiness among married individuals, while others find no significant difference in happiness between married and single people.

The Concept of Selection Bias

One potential explanation for the conflicting findings is the concept of selection bias. Selection bias refers to the idea that individuals who choose to get married in the first place may already possess certain characteristics that predispose them to being happier. For example, individuals who are emotionally stable, sociable, or financially secure may be more likely to enter into successful marriages. In this case, it is not marriage per se that directly causes happiness but rather the traits and characteristics of the individuals involved.

Supporting Evidence: The Role of Personality Traits

Various studies have explored the role of personality traits in the relationship between marriage and happiness. For instance, research by Lyubomirsky, King, and Diener (2005) found that individuals with extroverted personalities tend to have higher levels of subjective well-being. Consequently, these individuals may be more likely to pursue marriage and experience higher levels of happiness within their marital union. This suggests the possibility that happy people are more likely to get married, rather than marriage itself leading to happiness.

Another relevant study by Lucas and Donnellan (2009) examined the influence of the Big Five personality traits on marital satisfaction and happiness. They found that conscientiousness, extraversion, and emotional stability were positively associated with marital satisfaction. Again, these findings suggest that personality traits may play a crucial role in both marital satisfaction and happiness rather than marriage being the direct cause of happiness.

The Role of Socioeconomic Factors

Socioeconomic factors can also influence the relationship between marriage and happiness. Several studies have found that being married is generally associated with higher levels of income and financial stability compared to being single (Diener et al., 1999; Diener & Seligman, 2002). Economic factors such as shared financial resources, dual incomes, and increased social support from a spouse may contribute to a greater sense of happiness and well-being among married individuals. Again, this indicates that it may be the socioeconomic advantages associated with marriage, rather than marriage itself, that contribute to higher levels of happiness.

The Importance of Social Support

The presence of social support within a marriage has been identified as a significant determinant of happiness. Marital relationships provide individuals with emotional support, companionship, and a sense of belonging. Moreover, marriage often leads to the formation of social networks and connections, further enhancing well-being and happiness. Studies have consistently shown that individuals in satisfying marriages report higher levels of overall life satisfaction and happiness (Sharma et al., 2013).