The paper should address information on the following areas …

The paper should address information on the following areas on the subject of Neurodevelopmental Disorders: The paper should adhere to the following guidelines: I submitted an annotated bibliography on the subject 2 weeks ago and the following references (along with any additional) should be used to write the paper: Lee, C. T., Freed, W. J., & Mash, D. C. (2015). CNVs in neurodevelopmental disorders. Oncotarget, 6(21), 18238-18239. Retrieved from

Neurodevelopmental disorders refer to a group of disorders that affect the development and functioning of the brain. These disorders typically manifest early in childhood and are characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication, and behavior. They include conditions such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), intellectual disability, and specific learning disorders.

One important area of research in the field of neurodevelopmental disorders is the study of copy number variations (CNVs). CNVs are genetic variations that involve the deletion or duplication of a segment of DNA. They have been found to be associated with various neurological and developmental disorders, including neurodevelopmental disorders. The paper by Lee, Freed, and Mash (2015) titled “CNVs in neurodevelopmental disorders” explores the relationship between CNVs and these disorders.

In their study, Lee et al. (2015) examine the role of CNVs in neurodevelopmental disorders by reviewing existing literature and discussing the findings. They highlight that CNVs can disrupt the normal functioning of genes involved in brain development and function, leading to the manifestation of neurodevelopmental disorders. The authors provide evidence of the association between specific CNVs and these disorders, emphasizing the importance of genetic factors in their etiology.

The paper by Lee et al. (2015) contributes to the understanding of the genetic basis of neurodevelopmental disorders and provides insights into potential diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. By identifying specific CNVs associated with these disorders, researchers can develop genetic tests that aid in their early and accurate diagnosis. Additionally, the identification of target genes affected by CNVs can inform the development of targeted treatments for individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders.

In addition to the study by Lee et al. (2015), there are several other key references that can be used to further explore the relationship between CNVs and neurodevelopmental disorders. For example, Girirajan and Eichler (2010) discuss the impact of CNVs on brain development and their role in the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. This article provides an overview of the current understanding of CNVs, their detection methods, and the potential mechanisms through which they contribute to the development of these disorders.

Furthermore, Marshall and Scherer (2012) present a comprehensive review of the genomic architecture of neurodevelopmental disorders, with a focus on the role of CNVs. They discuss the genomic regions that are enriched for CNVs and their potential functional consequences. The authors also highlight the importance of studying CNVs in a broader genomic context, taking into account other genetic and environmental factors that may interact with CNVs to contribute to the development of neurodevelopmental disorders.

Another relevant reference is a meta-analysis by Pinto et al. (2014) that examines the prevalence and importance of CNVs in neurodevelopmental disorders, including ASD and ADHD. The authors provide an overview of the studies that have investigated CNVs in these disorders and analyze the pooled data to estimate the overall prevalence and effect size of CNVs. Their findings suggest that CNVs are associated with a significant proportion of cases of neurodevelopmental disorders and provide further evidence for their involvement in the pathogenesis of these disorders.

In conclusion, CNVs play a critical role in the development and manifestation of neurodevelopmental disorders. The studies by Lee et al. (2015), Girirajan and Eichler (2010), Marshall and Scherer (2012), and Pinto et al. (2014) provide valuable insights into the relationship between CNVs and these disorders. These findings contribute to our understanding of the genetic basis of neurodevelopmental disorders and have important implications for their diagnosis and treatment. Further research in this area is warranted to uncover additional CNVs and elucidate their mechanisms of action.