The Great Century of Missions (Beginning of Protestant Miss…

The Great Century of Missions (Beginning of Protestant Mission) Identify one personality from the Great Century of Missions. Discuss their contributions to global engagement. Apply one principle from their life to a modern missions history. Modern Missions From Terry Chapter 18 or the video, identify one outcome/trend in missions that should be stopped or continued and why? Be careful to add a biblical worldview to your discussion.


The Great Century of Missions, which refers to the period from the late 18th to the early 19th century, witnessed a significant surge in Protestant missionary activity around the world. During this time, numerous individuals played pivotal roles in advancing global engagement through their contributions to missions. One such personality from this era is William Carey, who is often referred to as the “Father of Modern Missions.” This essay will discuss Carey’s contributions to global engagement and apply one principle from his life to modern missions history. Furthermore, from Terry Chapter 18 or the video, it will identify one outcome/trend in missions that should be either stopped or continued, providing a biblical worldview to support the discussion.

William Carey and Global Engagement

William Carey, an English Baptist missionary, made significant contributions to global engagement during the Great Century of Missions. Carey’s most notable achievement was his pioneering efforts in establishing the modern Protestant missionary movement. He championed the idea that every Christian had a responsibility to participate in the Great Commission, emphasizing the need to bring the Gospel to all nations.

Carey’s pioneering spirit led him to become the first modern missionary to India in 1793. His missionary work in India spanned over four decades, during which he faced numerous challenges and barriers. However, his unwavering commitment to the mission and his passion for the salvation of souls inspired many others to follow in his footsteps. Carey’s efforts laid the foundation for future missionary endeavors, and his work in India set a precedent for cross-cultural evangelism.

One Principle from Carey’s Life Applied to Modern Missions History

One principle from Carey’s life that can be applied to modern missions history is the importance of contextualization in effective cross-cultural ministry. Carey understood the need to adapt his approach to the Indian culture and language to effectively communicate the Gospel message. He invested significant time and effort in learning the local language, translating the Bible into Bengali, and establishing educational institutions.

This principle of contextualization remains relevant today in modern missions. In an increasingly globalized world with diverse cultural contexts, it is essential for missionaries to understand and respect the culture, customs, and language of the people they seek to reach. By adapting their strategies to meet the specific needs and preferences of the local population, missionaries can establish deeper connections and effectively convey the message of Christ’s love.

Outcome/Trend in Missions

From Terry Chapter 18 or the video, one outcome/trend in missions that should be stopped or continued is the practice of “cultural imperialism.” Cultural imperialism refers to the imposition of one’s own culture, beliefs, and practices on another group, disregarding their unique cultural identity. This practice is detrimental to the Gospel’s advancement and can lead to the misinterpretation and misrepresentation of Christianity.

Cultural imperialism is contrary to the biblical worldview of respecting and valuing the diversity of cultures and peoples. The Bible teaches that God created all nations and desires for every people group to worship Him in their own unique way. In the book of Revelation, we see a vision of people from every tribe, language, and nation praising God together. Thus, it is imperative for modern missions to reject cultural imperialism and instead seek to understand, learn from, and appreciate the cultures of others. By embracing cultural diversity, missionaries can build meaningful relationships and effectively communicate the Gospel in ways that are relevant to the local context.


William Carey’s contributions to global engagement during the Great Century of Missions were significant and far-reaching. His pioneering efforts, commitment to the Great Commission, and emphasis on contextualization remain highly relevant in modern missions history. Furthermore, the practice of cultural imperialism in missions should be stopped, as it contradicts the biblical worldview of valuing cultural diversity. By drawing from the exemplary life of William Carey and aligning missions with biblical principles, modern missions can continue to make a genuine impact in a rapidly changing world.