“Some citizens identify themselves as gay, lesbian or bisexu…

“Some citizens identify themselves as gay, lesbian or bisexual without having any sexual intercourse. Sexual orientation exhibits itself across a person’s lifetime and an individual become conscious of it at different stages of life”. The term symbolizes an identity well beyond just physical attraction and like you shared, it’s changing and evolving just as other aspects of our sexuality are. one or two paragraphs  APA  and reference.

Sexual orientation is a complex and multifaceted aspect of an individual’s identity. It refers to an enduring pattern of attraction, whether it be towards the same sex (gay or lesbian), the opposite sex (heterosexual), or both sexes (bisexual) (American Psychological Association, 2015). However, it is important to note that sexual orientation is not solely determined by sexual behavior or intercourse. Many individuals identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual without having engaged in any sexual activity. This illustrates that sexual orientation encompasses a broader sense of self and goes beyond mere physical attraction.

The development of sexual orientation occurs over a person’s lifetime and can manifest at different stages. Scientific research suggests that sexual orientation arises from a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors (Bailey et al., 2016). Although the exact mechanisms of sexual orientation development are not fully understood, several studies have provided insights into its complexities. For instance, some evidence suggests a genetic influence on sexual orientation, as twin studies have revealed higher concordance rates of homosexuality among identical twins compared to fraternal twins (Bailey et al., 2016).

Moreover, hormonal factors, particularly prenatal hormone exposure, have been proposed to contribute to sexual orientation development. For instance, some studies have found that female individuals who have older brothers are more likely to be attracted to females, possibly due to a hormone exposure during prenatal development (Bogaert, 2003). These findings not only highlight the multifactorial nature of sexual orientation but also suggest that it is a biologically rooted aspect of human diversity.

Additionally, the recognition and understanding of one’s sexual orientation can vary across individuals and is influenced by social and cultural factors. Society’s attitudes and acceptance towards different sexual orientations play a crucial role in the self-awareness and self-identification of individuals. In cultures or communities where homosexuality or bisexuality is stigmatized or not acknowledged, individuals may struggle to recognize and accept their own sexual orientation (Meyer, 2003).

Conversely, in more accepting and supportive environments, individuals may have an easier time embracing and understanding their sexual orientation. The evolving nature of societal attitudes towards homosexuality and bisexuality highlights the social construction of sexual orientation to a certain extent. As society becomes more accepting and inclusive, individuals may be more likely to explore and embrace their true sexual orientation.

It is important to note that sexual orientation is distinct from other aspects of human sexuality, such as sexual behavior or sexual identity. Sexual orientation refers to an individual’s pattern of attraction, while sexual behavior encompasses the actions or behaviors individuals engage in with others. Sexual identity, on the other hand, is the label or term that individuals choose to identify themselves with, such as gay, lesbian, or bisexual (American Psychological Association, 2015).

In conclusion, sexual orientation is a fundamental aspect of an individual’s identity that goes beyond physical attraction. It encompasses a lifelong pattern of attraction towards the same sex, the opposite sex, or both sexes. The development of sexual orientation is influenced by various genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. Additionally, societal attitudes and acceptance play a significant role in individuals’ self-awareness and identification of their sexual orientation. Recognizing and understanding these complexities is important for promoting inclusivity and respect for individuals of all sexual orientations.


American Psychological Association. (2015). Sexual orientation and homosexuality. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/lgbt/orientation.aspx

Bailey, J. M., Vasey, P. L., Diamond, L. M., Breedlove, S. M., Vilain, E., & Epprecht, M. (2016). Sexual orientation, controversy, and science. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 17(2), 45-101.

Bogaert, A. F. (2003). Biological versus nonbiological older brothers and men’s sexual orientation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100(8), 4619-4624.

Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: Conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129(5), 674-697.