Select one of thee anxiety disorders and describe the symptoms associated with it. Enter the debate on the dissociative disorders, are they real or imagined? where does the bulk of your understanding of this disorder come from, and what sources do you submit as evidence to support your position? Respond for this question in an essay format, double space, one page and 12 font. I need the paper today, that’s mean in few hours.
Title: Anxiety Disorders: Symptoms, Dissociative Disorders: An Ongoing Debate
This essay delves into the realm of anxiety disorders, specifically focusing on one disorder and elucidating its symptoms. Furthermore, it investigates the debate surrounding dissociative disorders, assessing their existence and the sources I rely on for information and evidence to support my stance.
Anxiety Disorder: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive worry, fear, and tension about everyday circumstances that is disproportionate to the actual situation. People with GAD experience persistent anxiety and find it difficult to control their concerns, leading to impairments in various areas of life, such as work, relationships, and social interactions.
Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder:
1. Excessive Worry: Individuals with GAD experience chronic and uncontrollable worry about a range of issues, including personal health, finances, work, and future events. This worrying is often unrealistic or out of proportion to the actual threat posed.
2. Restlessness and Fatigue: GAD is frequently accompanied by restlessness, an inability to relax, and a feeling of being constantly “on edge.” Individuals may also experience fatigue and difficulty concentrating, resulting from sleep disturbances caused by racing thoughts.
3. Muscle Tension: Persistent muscle tension is a common symptom of GAD. It might manifest as clenching the jaw, tensing the muscles in the shoulders and neck, or experiencing headaches and body aches.
4. Irritability: Individuals with GAD may exhibit irritability, becoming easily agitated or finding it challenging to control their temper. This emotional dysregulation can cause strain within relationships and social interactions.
5. Physical Symptoms: GAD often presents with physical symptoms such as sweaty palms, increased heart rate, shortness of breath, dizziness, gastrointestinal disturbances, and frequent urination. These physiological responses are the body’s autonomic reactions to the heightened state of anxiety.
Dissociative Disorders: An Ongoing Debate:
The existence of dissociative disorders has been a subject of debate among mental health professionals, with varying perspectives on their origin and nature. Dissociative disorders are characterized by disruptions in consciousness, memory, identity, or perception, typically resulting from traumatic experiences or severe stress. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), recognizes several dissociative disorders, including Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), Dissociative Amnesia, Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder, and Other Specified Dissociative Disorder.
Supporters of the existence of dissociative disorders argue that comprehensive empirical research, numerous clinical case studies, and documented accounts of traumatized individuals corroborate their reality. Dissociative experiences have been observed across different cultural contexts and populations, indicating the cross-cultural validity of these disorders. Moreover, neuroimaging studies have provided evidence of neurobiological alterations in individuals with dissociative disorders, further supporting their existence.
On the other hand, skeptics assert that dissociative disorders may be primarily a result of social influence or suggestibility, rather than representing genuine mental health conditions. They posit that symptoms associated with dissociation can be artificially induced through therapeutic practices, leading to an exaggeration and possibly fabrication of the reported symptoms. Some critics argue that the high rate of dissociative disorders among clinical populations might reflect diagnostic iatrogenesis, where the very process of assessment and treatment triggers or exacerbates dissociative symptoms.
As an individual who supports the existence of dissociative disorders, my understanding of this disorder stems from a combination of sources. Firstly, I draw upon empirical research studies conducted in various clinical settings, which provide robust evidence of dissociative symptoms and their impact on an individual’s functioning. These studies utilize rigorous methodologies, such as longitudinal designs, psychometric measures, and control groups, to explore the prevalence, etiology, and treatment of dissociative disorders.
Secondly, I rely on the DSM-5, which serves as a comprehensive diagnostic manual for mental health professionals. The inclusion of dissociative disorders in this authoritative text reflects the consensus among experts regarding their existence and clinical significance. The criterion for diagnosing dissociative disorders is based on clinical observations and evaluations, drawing from extensive case histories and corroborating evidence.
Finally, I incorporate qualitative studies that explore individual experiences of dissociation, capturing the subjective dimension of these disorders. Personal narratives, accounts of therapy sessions, and autobiographical books provide insights into the profound disruptions individuals with dissociative disorders endure, further solidifying my position on their reality.
In conclusion, Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized by excessive and uncontrollable worry, restlessness, muscle tension, irritability, and physical symptoms. The debate surrounding the existence of dissociative disorders continues, with proponents citing empirical research, clinical case studies, cross-cultural validity, and neurobiological evidence. As a supporter, I rely on robust empirical research, the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, and qualitative studies, which provide a comprehensive understanding of dissociative disorders and substantiate their reality.