Search the Internet and/or the online library for articles a…

Search the Internet and/or the online library for articles about the pros and cons of using internal versus external evaluators. In your discussion response, share your thoughts on which you think is more appropriate (internal or external evaluation), and include an advantage and disadvantage for each. Be sure to make reference(s) to the article(s) or website(s) you identify to support your points. Identify which type of evaluation you would recommend for your grant proposal and why


The decision to use internal or external evaluators in the evaluation process can have a significant impact on the outcomes and effectiveness of the evaluation. Both approaches have their own advantages and disadvantages, and determining which is more appropriate depends on various factors, including the nature of the evaluation, available resources, and organizational context. This discussion will explore the pros and cons of using internal versus external evaluators and provide a recommendation for the evaluation approach in a specific grant proposal.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Internal Evaluation

Internal evaluation refers to the practice of conducting evaluation activities within the organization or program being evaluated. One advantage of internal evaluation is the familiarity of the evaluators with the organization’s operations, culture, and goals. This insider perspective allows internal evaluators to have a deeper understanding of the context and can facilitate a more comprehensive evaluation (Boulding, 2001).

Additionally, internal evaluators often have easier access to relevant data and resources within the organization. They can leverage existing relationships and knowledge to gather data and insights efficiently, potentially reducing costs and time associated with the evaluation process (Rossi, Lipsey, & Freeman, 2004).

However, internal evaluation also poses challenges. One notable disadvantage is the potential bias or conflict of interest that may arise due to the evaluator’s connection to the organization being evaluated. These affiliations can compromise objectivity and credibility, potentially undermining the validity and reliability of the evaluation findings (Mertens, 2014).

Advantages and Disadvantages of External Evaluation

External evaluation, on the other hand, involves engaging independent evaluators who are not directly affiliated with the organization or program being evaluated. One significant advantage of external evaluation is the impartiality and objectivity it brings to the evaluation process. External evaluators offer a fresh perspective and can more objectively assess the effectiveness and impact of the program or intervention (Patton, 2012).

Furthermore, external evaluators often possess expertise in evaluation methodologies, data analysis, and diverse evaluation approaches. Their specialized knowledge and experience can enhance the rigor and quality of the evaluation, particularly when dealing with complex or large-scale evaluations (Fournier & Hauck, 2017).

However, external evaluation also has potential drawbacks. Engaging external evaluators may require additional financial resources, as they typically charge fees for their services. Moreover, external evaluators may face challenges in understanding the organization’s context and intricacies, which can limit their ability to fully capture the nuances and complexities of the program (Patton, 2012).

Recommendation for Grant Proposal Evaluation

For the grant proposal at hand, which seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based health intervention, I would recommend using a combination of both internal and external evaluation approaches. This hybrid approach, often referred to as collaborative evaluation, draws on the strengths of both internal and external evaluators to maximize the evaluation’s validity, objectivity, and usefulness (Palinkas et al., 2015).

By involving internal evaluators, such as program staff members or community members, the evaluation can benefit from their insider knowledge and understanding of the intervention’s implementation and impacts. Internal evaluators can contribute valuable insights, identify contextual factors, and ensure the evaluation aligns with the organizational goals and mechanisms (Patton, 2012).

At the same time, external evaluators should be engaged to bring an independent perspective and impartiality to the evaluation. External evaluators can provide an objective assessment of the intervention’s outcomes, methodology, and overall effectiveness, addressing any potential biases and bringing rigor to the evaluation process. Their expertise in evaluation methodologies and data analysis is particularly valuable in ensuring the evaluation’s validity and reliability (Fournier & Hauck, 2017).


In conclusion, the decision to use internal or external evaluators in the evaluation process is not a straightforward one. Both approaches offer distinct advantages and disadvantages that need to be carefully considered based on the nature of the evaluation, available resources, and organizational context. For the grant proposal discussed, a hybrid approach involving a combination of internal and external evaluation is recommended to maximize the evaluation’s validity and objectivity and provide a comprehensive understanding of the intervention’s effectiveness. By leveraging the strengths of both internal and external evaluators, this collaborative evaluation approach can contribute to more meaningful and insightful findings.