Research theories related to gender and crime using the text…

Research theories related to gender and crime using the textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet. Identify scholarly, peer-reviewed sources for use in this assignment. Based on the scenario, your readings and research, respond to the following: Give reasons in support of your responses. Write your initial response in 4–6 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. By , post your response to the appropriate Purchase the answer to view it

Gender and crime are complex topics that have been extensively studied and theorized about in the field of criminology. This response will explore three prominent theories related to gender and crime: the liberal feminist theory, the social control theory, and the intersectionality theory.

The liberal feminist theory suggests that gender inequality is a significant factor contributing to crime. According to this theory, the unequal distribution of power and resources between men and women leads to social and economic disadvantages for women, which can lead to criminal behavior as a means of survival or protest. For example, women who face limited job opportunities and financial hardships may resort to theft or prostitution to support themselves. Additionally, the theory argues that patriarchal norms and gender stereotypes may contribute to gender differences in criminal behavior, with women being more likely to engage in “crimes of survival” like shoplifting or drug offenses, while men are more likely to commit violent crimes.

The social control theory, on the other hand, attributes gender differences in crime rates to differences in socialization and social control mechanisms. According to this theory, individuals who lack strong bonds to conventional society and who experience weak social control are more likely to engage in criminal behavior. When considering gender, social control theorists argue that women are more likely to have stronger bonds to family and community, and therefore have greater social control, which reduces their likelihood of engaging in criminal behavior. In contrast, men may face weaker social control and are more likely to engage in risky or deviant behavior that can lead to criminal activities.

The intersectionality theory is a more recent perspective in the study of gender and crime, which takes into account the complex intersections of various social identities, such as race, class, and sexuality, along with gender. This theory recognizes that individuals do not exist in isolation and that their experiences of crime and victimization are shaped by multiple intersecting factors. For example, an intersectional analysis would acknowledge that black women may face unique challenges and experiences of crime that are different from white women or black men. This theory critiques earlier approaches for oversimplifying gender and crime, and seeks to understand the diverse experiences and vulnerabilities of different groups.

In conclusion, these three theories provide valuable insights into the complex relationship between gender and crime. The liberal feminist theory highlights the role of gender inequality and social disadvantage in shaping women’s criminal behavior. The social control theory emphasizes the importance of socialization and social control mechanisms in explaining gender differences in crime rates. Finally, the intersectionality theory recognizes the importance of considering the intersections of gender with other social identities in understanding crime and victimization experiences. By applying these theories, criminologists can gain a more comprehensive understanding of gender and crime, and develop policies and interventions that address the underlying structural and social factors influencing gendered patterns of criminal behavior.