Read the two articles listed below and then write a 1-2 page…

Read the two articles listed below and then write a 1-2 page paper in APA format, using proper spelling/grammar, address the following: Imagine your 19 year old cousin has recently gone through many changes in his life and you suspect he is suffering from major depression. Feel free to refer to additional sources besides those mentioned below. Please list your references at the end of your paper in APA format. Articles: DUE DATE 06/09/2017 NOON

Title: Identifying Major Depression in a Young Adult: Examination and Intervention

Introduction

Major depression is a severe mental disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities formerly enjoyed (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). When left untreated, major depression can significantly impede an individual’s functioning and quality of life. Identifying major depression in young adults is of utmost importance as this period of life is often marked by significant changes and challenges. This paper aims to explore the signs and symptoms of major depression in young adults, with a focus on understanding its impact on a 19-year-old cousin.

Signs and Symptoms of Major Depression in Young Adults

Major depression can manifest with a wide range of symptoms that affect various aspects of an individual’s life. In young adults, these symptoms may differ from those observed in other age groups due to the complexities of this developmental stage. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; APA, 2013), the symptoms of major depression include persistent feelings of sadness or a depressed mood, diminished interest or pleasure in activities, significant weight loss or gain, insomnia or hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt, decreased ability to concentrate, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.

In the case of a 19-year-old cousin suspected of suffering from major depression, it is crucial to consider the context of his recent life changes. Young adulthood is a time of transition, commonly associated with the pursuit of higher education, establishing independence, and developing social relationships (Arnett, 2000). It is a period marked by increased stress and adjustment, making young adults more susceptible to mental health problems like major depression. Therefore, the cousin’s recent life changes may contribute to his susceptibility to developing major depression.

The Impact on a 19-Year-Old Cousin

Understanding the impact of major depression on the 19-year-old cousin requires careful analysis of his behavior and the presence of specific symptoms. In addition to the symptoms mentioned earlier, other common indicators of major depression in young adults include increased irritability, social withdrawal, changes in appetite or weight, difficulty concentrating, and reduced self-esteem (Hankin, Abramson, Moffitt, Silva, McGee, & Angell, 1998). These symptoms may manifest in different ways for each individual, and it is essential to gather additional information from the cousin and his close acquaintances to gain insight into his mental state.

Given the cousin’s age, it is crucial to consider his socio-environmental factors, such as familial and peer relationships, academic stressors, and overall social support. According to Diamond and Asmundson (2008), the quality of social support during young adulthood can significantly influence mental health outcomes. Negative life events, such as the loss of a loved one, relationship problems, or academic difficulties, coupled with a lack of supportive social connections, can exacerbate depressive symptoms and increase the risk of developing major depression (Kendler, Gardner, & Prescott, 2002). Examining these factors can contribute to a deeper understanding of the cousin‚Äôs circumstances and provide valuable information for intervention strategies.

Intervention Strategies

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of major depression is the first step toward prompt intervention. Early intervention is crucial to prevent the exacerbation of symptoms, further impairment, or potential self-harm. In the case of the 19-year-old cousin, it is necessary to approach the situation with empathy, non-judgment, and understanding. Open and honest communication should be established to encourage the cousin to share his thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment.

One potential intervention strategy is promoting professional help-seeking behavior. Providing information about mental health resources, such as counseling services or mental health hotlines, can assist the cousin in accessing appropriate support. Encouraging the involvement of trusted individuals, such as family members or close friends, can help dissipate the fear and stigma often associated with seeking help for mental health issues (Rickwood, Deane, Wilson, & Ciarrochi, 2005).

Additionally, it is crucial to create a supportive environment for the cousin by fostering social connections and promoting healthy coping strategies. Engaging in activities together, offering a listening ear, and supporting participation in hobbies or interests can help alleviate depressive symptoms and promote a sense of belonging (Hankin et al., 1998). Providing educational materials on healthy lifestyle choices, including exercise, nutrition, and sleep hygiene, may also be beneficial in managing depressive symptoms (Rosenström, Tasmuth, & Stenlund, 2020).

Conclusion

Identifying major depression in young adults, such as the 19-year-old cousin in question, requires a comprehensive understanding of the symptoms, along with the recognition of possible contributing factors. Early intervention through empathetic communication, promoting professional help-seeking behavior, and fostering a supportive environment can aid in the management of major depression. Therefore, it is essential to approach the situation with care, ensuring the cousin receives the necessary support to cope with his circumstances and regain his well-being.

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55(5), 469-480.

Diamond, G. M., & Asmundson, G. J. (2008). Marriage and diathesis for depression: A critical review and some new data. Journal of Family Therapy, 30(4), 447-482.

Hankin, B. L., Abramson, L. Y., Moffitt, T. E., Silva, P. A., McGee, R., & Angell, K. E. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: Emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107(1), 128-140.

Kendler, K. S., Gardner, C. O., & Prescott, C. A. (2002). Toward a comprehensive developmental model for major depression in women. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(7), 1133-1145.

Rickwood, D., Deane, F. P., Wilson, C. J., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Young people’s help-seeking for mental health problems. Australian E-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 4(3), 1-34.

Rosenström, T., Tasmuth, T., & Stenlund, T. (2020). Physical activity, nutrition, and sedentary behavior in relation to depressive symptoms among young adults. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 45.