Read the article titled, “As drug industry’s influence over …

Read the article titled, “As drug industry’s influence over research grows, so does the potential for bias,” located at . Review the six (6) rules of critical thinking (Chapter 1) and the steps of “Doing Sociology: A Student’s Guide to Research” (Chapter 2).  From the book “Discover Sociology” . Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Purchase the answer to view it

The article titled “As drug industry’s influence over research grows, so does the potential for bias” discusses the increasing influence of the pharmaceutical industry over scientific research and the potential for bias in the field. It raises concerns about the objectivity and credibility of research findings when they are funded by the drug industry.

In order to critically analyze this article, it is important to apply the six rules of critical thinking outlined in Chapter 1 of the book “Discover Sociology.” These rules include:

1. Be Clear – In this rule, the focus is on ensuring clarity in communication and avoiding ambiguity. It is important to carefully read and understand each claim and argument presented in the article. This will help in identifying any potential bias or logical fallacies.

2. Be Rational – Critical thinking requires using logical reasoning to evaluate arguments. While reading the article, it is important to identify any assumptions made by the author and evaluate whether the evidence provided supports the claims being made. This will help in determining the strength of the arguments presented.

3. Be Independent – This rule emphasizes the importance of thinking for oneself and not simply accepting information at face value. While reading the article, it is crucial to question the author’s motives, consider alternative perspectives, and independently evaluate the evidence presented.

4. Be Honest – In critical thinking, honesty refers to being aware of one’s own biases and prejudices. It is important to be honest with oneself about any preconceived notions or personal biases that may influence one’s interpretation of the article. This will help in maintaining objectivity and openness to different viewpoints.

5. Be Open-Minded – Open-mindedness is essential in critical thinking as it allows for the consideration of different opinions and perspectives. When reading the article, it is important to be receptive to new ideas and information, even if they challenge one’s own beliefs or prior knowledge. This will help in assessing the validity and reliability of the claims made in the article.

6. Be Humble – Humility in critical thinking involves recognizing the limits of one’s knowledge and being willing to acknowledge when one is unsure or mistaken. While analyzing the article, it is important to acknowledge any gaps in one’s understanding and be willing to seek additional information or perspectives to enhance one’s understanding.

Additionally, in order to effectively evaluate the article, it is useful to apply the steps of “Doing Sociology: A Student’s Guide to Research” outlined in Chapter 2 of the book “Discover Sociology.” These steps include:

1. Select a Research Question – The first step in conducting research is to identify a specific research question or topic of interest. In this case, the research question could be “What is the impact of pharmaceutical industry funding on the objectivity and credibility of scientific research?”

2. Conduct a Literature Review – This step involves reviewing existing research and literature to understand the current state of knowledge on the research topic. In the context of the article, a literature review would involve examining other studies or articles that have explored the influence of pharmaceutical industry funding on research outcomes.

3. Develop a Research Design – This step involves determining the appropriate research methods and data collection techniques to answer the research question. In the case of this article, the research design would involve analyzing the information and arguments presented in the article to assess the validity of the claims made.

4. Collect Data – The data collection step involves gathering the necessary information or evidence to answer the research question. For this assignment, the data collected would consist of the information provided in the article and any additional sources consulted during the analysis.

5. Analyze Data – This step involves examining and interpreting the collected data to identify any patterns, trends, or relationships. In the context of this assignment, analyzing the data would involve critically evaluating the information and arguments presented in the article to assess their reliability and validity.

These steps will guide the process of critically analyzing the article and examining the potential bias in the pharmaceutical industry’s influence over research. By applying the rules of critical thinking and following the steps of sociological research, a thorough and objective evaluation of the article can be achieved.