Read John Winthrop “A Model of Christian Charity.” John Win…

Read John Winthrop “A Model of ¬†Christian Charity.” John Winthrop Defines the Puritan Ideal of Community, as well Dewar’s article on England’s joint stock companies. Discuss the motivations for English colonization of America. Identify a particular group or colony and discuss the political, economic, or social reasons behind their coming to the New World. Explain. Just need 125 words Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

The English colonization of America in the 17th century was driven by a variety of motivations, including political, economic, and social reasons. These motivations varied depending on the specific group or colony involved. One particular group and colony that can be examined in this context are the Puritans and the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

The Puritans were a religious group within the Church of England who sought to purify the church from what they considered to be remnants of Catholic practices. They believed in strict moral codes and the importance of building a society based on God’s laws. John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity” reflects their ideal of community and provides insight into their motivations for coming to America.

In his sermon, Winthrop describes the Puritans as a chosen people who have a covenant with God. He emphasizes the importance of unity and charity among the members of the community and stresses the need for self-sacrifice and the pursuit of the common good. According to Winthrop, the Puritans believed that settling in America would allow them to establish a “city upon a hill,” a shining example of a godly society that would serve as a beacon for others.

The Puritans saw the New World as a place where they could practice their religion freely and create a society according to their own beliefs. They wanted to escape the religious persecution and turmoil in England, where they faced opposition from both the Church of England and the monarchy. By establishing their own colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, they hoped to create a religiously homogeneous community where they could worship God in their own way.

However, the motivations for English colonization of America were not solely religious. Economic factors also played a significant role. In the early 17th century, England was experiencing economic changes such as the enclosure movement and the rise of agrarian capitalism. These changes led to a decline in the availability of common lands and employment opportunities for the lower classes. Many people, including the Puritans, saw America as a place where they could find economic opportunities and improve their standard of living.

The Puritans sought to build a self-sufficient agricultural economy in the New World. They hoped to establish communities centered around the family, where each member would contribute to the common good through their labor. The land in America offered them the opportunity to practice subsistence farming and potentially achieve economic prosperity.

Social factors also played a role in the English colonization of America. England was experiencing a population growth during this period, which led to increased competition for resources and social mobility. Many individuals and families saw America as a means to escape poverty and achieve social advancement. The New World represented a fresh start, where they could potentially rise in social status and improve their economic prospects. The prospect of owning land in America was particularly attractive to those who were unable to obtain land in England.

In conclusion, the motivations for English colonization of America were multifaceted and included religious, economic, and social factors. The Puritans and the Massachusetts Bay Colony serve as an example of a group and colony driven by these motivations. The Puritans sought to establish a religiously pure society where they could freely practice their beliefs and build a community based on charity and unity. They also saw America as an opportunity for economic prosperity and social advancement. Understanding these motivations is crucial to comprehending the complexities of early English colonization in America.