Psychology Course: Gratitude and Mental Health, the Import…

Psychology Course : Gratitude and Mental Health, the Importance of Civility Write a literature review proposal based on civility and the importance of saying thank you. Design an experiment that shows the importance of gratitude and how it affects the mental health of individuals Needs 5 paragraph introduction, 2 paragraphs of literature review. Complete the literature review outline. *Guidance: : 4 pages, APA format, requires 3-4 scholarly peer-reviewed references, use subheadings.

Introduction

Civility and gratitude are two essential components of positive social interactions and have been widely studied in the field of psychology. Civility refers to respectful, considerate, and polite behavior, while gratitude is the act of expressing appreciation and thankfulness. Both concepts have been shown to have a significant impact on individuals’ mental health and well-being. This literature review proposal aims to explore the importance of civility and saying thank you in fostering positive mental health outcomes. Specifically, it seeks to design an experiment that investigates the effects of gratitude on individuals’ mental health.

Literature Review

The literature on civility and gratitude demonstrates their significant roles in promoting positive mental health outcomes. Several studies have shown that both civility and gratitude are associated with increased levels of happiness and well-being. For instance, a study conducted by Wood and colleagues (2010) found that individuals who exhibit more acts of gratitude experienced higher levels of positive emotions and life satisfaction. Similarly, in a longitudinal study by Algoe and colleagues (2014), gratitude was found to predict higher levels of happiness, life satisfaction, and overall well-being over time.

In addition to promoting positive emotions and well-being, gratitude has also been linked to better mental health outcomes. Numerous studies have found that practicing gratitude can reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. For example, a study conducted by Emmons and McCullough (2003) reported that participants who frequently expressed gratitude experienced a greater improvement in their mental health compared to those who did not engage in gratitude exercises. Another study by Jackowska et al. (2016) found that gratitude intervention significantly reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety among individuals with mental health disorders.

Furthermore, civility has also been shown to have a positive impact on mental health. A study by Porath and Pearson (2010) found that experiencing incivility in the workplace was significantly associated with negative psychological outcomes such as depression, anxiety, and decreased job satisfaction. Conversely, a study by Leiter et al. (2011) showed that workplaces characterized by civility had employees with lower levels of burnout and higher levels of job satisfaction.

The importance of civility and expressing gratitude is not limited to interpersonal relationships but also extends to broader societal contexts. Research has shown that cultivating a culture of gratitude in communities and institutions can have overall mental health benefits. For instance, a study by Lambert et al. (2009) found that schools implementing gratitude interventions had significantly higher levels of positive mental health indicators among students, such as life satisfaction and hopefulness. Similarly, a study by Van Zelst et al. (2016) demonstrated that gratitude interventions in organizations led to increased job satisfaction and improved mental well-being among employees.

Overall, the existing literature indicates that civility and gratitude play crucial roles in promoting positive mental health outcomes. The proposed experiment will aim to further explore the effects of gratitude on mental health by examining how expressing gratitude affects individuals’ levels of happiness, life satisfaction, and symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Literature Review Outline

I. Introduction
A. Background information on civility and gratitude
B. Importance of civility and gratitude for mental health
C. Purpose of the literature review proposal

II. Positive Effects of Gratitude on Mental Health
A. Increased levels of happiness and life satisfaction
B. Positive relationship between gratitude and overall well-being
C. Reduction of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress

III. Impact of Civility on Mental Health
A. Negative effects of incivility on psychological well-being
B. Positive psychological outcomes of workplace civility
C. Benefits of gratitude interventions in communities and institutions

IV. Proposed Experiment
A. Research question and hypothesis
B. Methodology
C. Variables
D. Data collection and analysis

V. Conclusion
A. Summary of key findings from the literature
B. Importance of further research on gratitude and mental health

In conclusion, civility and gratitude are important factors that contribute to individuals’ mental health and well-being. Existing literature suggests that practicing gratitude and cultivating a culture of civility can lead to positive mental health outcomes, such as increased happiness, life satisfaction, and decreased symptoms of depression and anxiety. The proposed experiment aims to further explore the effects of gratitude on mental health by examining how expressing gratitude affects individuals’ levels of happiness, life satisfaction, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. This literature review proposal provides a foundation for the upcoming literature review and experiment.