Psychology background is essential…..Must have excellent r…

Psychology¬†background¬†is essential…..Must have excellent reviews…. I need help with this paper.. . Need done by 9:30 PM Central time. Please follow instructions per proffessor¬† Thank you!! Case scenerio. In this assignment we will compare and contrast biological and behaviorist theories to better understand and demonstrate the differences between this brother and sister. , review the readings for this week. a paper that includes the following elements:


This paper aims to compare and contrast biological and behaviorist theories in order to better understand and demonstrate the differences between a brother and sister in a given case scenario. By analyzing these theories, we can gain insights into the various factors that contribute to differences in behavior and personality between individuals.

Biological Theory

Biological theory, also known as biopsychology or physiological psychology, is a perspective that emphasizes the role of biology and genetics in shaping human behavior and mental processes. It suggests that certain behaviors and characteristics can be attributed to genetics, brain structure and function, and other biological factors.

In the case of the brother and sister, biological theory would focus on genetic differences that may influence their behavior. Genetic factors can play a significant role in shaping an individual’s personality traits, cognitive abilities, and even their susceptibility to certain disorders. For example, research has shown that traits such as extraversion, neuroticism, and intelligence have a strong genetic basis (Bouchard & Loehlin, 2001).

Behaviorist Theory

Behaviorist theory, also known as behaviorism, is a psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environmental factors in shaping human behavior. It suggests that behavior is learned through conditioning and can be influenced by reinforcement, punishment, and observation of others.

In the case of the brother and sister, behaviorist theory would focus on the environmental factors that may have influenced their behavior. This could include their upbringing, social interactions, and experiences. For example, if the brother and sister were raised in different environments or had different social influences, it could explain some of the behavioral differences between them.

Comparing and Contrasting Biological and Behaviorist Theories

While biological and behaviorist theories differ in their focus and assumptions, they both contribute valuable insights into understanding human behavior. Here are some key points of comparison and contrast between the two theories:

1. Focus: Biological theory places emphasis on internal factors such as genes, brain structure, and neurotransmitters, whereas behaviorist theory prioritizes external factors such as environmental stimuli, conditioning, and reinforcement.

2. Determinism: Biological theory tends to have a more deterministic view, suggesting that behavior is largely pre-determined by genetic and physiological factors. On the other hand, behaviorist theory focuses on the role of the environment and learning in shaping behavior, suggesting a more malleable view of human behavior.

3. Reductionism vs. Holism: Biological theory often takes a reductionist approach, breaking down behavior into its physiological components. In contrast, behaviorist theory takes a more holistic view, focusing on the overall patterns of behavior and how they are influenced by the environment.

4. Nature vs. Nurture: Biological theory emphasizes the importance of nature, suggesting that genes and biology play a significant role in shaping behavior. Behaviorist theory, on the other hand, emphasizes the role of nurture, suggesting that environmental factors and learning experiences are more influential.

Application to Brother and Sister Case Scenario

In the case of the brother and sister, both biological and behaviorist theories can provide insights into the differences between them. A biological perspective might consider how genetic factors, such as differences in temperament or predisposition to certain mental health conditions, could contribute to their contrasting behaviors. For instance, if one sibling has a genetic predisposition for anxiety, they may be more likely to exhibit shy or avoidant behaviors.

Meanwhile, a behaviorist perspective might consider how environmental factors, such as differences in parenting styles or peer interactions, could shape the behavior of the siblings. If one sibling had consistently experienced nurturing and supportive parenting, they may be more likely to display confident and outgoing behaviors.

By considering both biological and behaviorist perspectives, we can gain a comprehensive understanding of the factors that contribute to the differences observed between the brother and sister in the case scenario. These theories can help us make connections between their genetic makeup, environmental influences, and resultant behaviors, providing a richer picture of their individual characteristics.