Prior to beginning work on this discussion, please read the following required articles: Play the expert in the following scenario and apply ethical principles and professional standards of decision-making to your rationale and actions: Using appropriate citations and references, explain how the empirical research and theoretical models presented in the assigned articles suggest the importance of applying decision-making strategies in one’s own practice. Support your argument with empirical research.
Ethical decision-making is a critical aspect of professional practice in various fields, including psychology, counseling, and social work. In these fields, practitioners often need to make decisions that have significant implications for their clients’ well-being and their professional relationships. The importance of applying decision-making strategies in one’s own practice is emphasized by empirical research and theoretical models presented in the assigned articles.
One key article that highlights the significance of decision-making strategies is “A Model of Ethical Decision Making: The Integration of Process and Content” by Rest (1986). Rest’s article presents a theoretical model that explains the steps involved in ethical decision-making. According to Rest, ethical decision-making involves a cognitive process that includes recognizing the moral issue, considering moral values and principles, generating alternative solutions, evaluating the consequences, and making the decision. This model provides a clear framework for practitioners to navigate ethical dilemmas in their practice.
Empirical research has supported the importance of Rest’s model and decision-making strategies in practice. For example, in a study by Robertson and Crittenden (2003), participants were asked to rate the importance of various ethical decision-making strategies in a marketing context. The results showed that participants considered factors such as considering the potential consequences, evaluating alternatives, and seeking advice as important strategies in making ethical decisions. These findings support the idea that decision-making strategies are crucial in promoting ethical behavior.
Moreover, the article “Ethical Decision Making by Individuals in Organizations: An Issue-Contingent Model” by Treviño (1986) provides further empirical evidence for the importance of decision-making strategies. Treviño’s model suggests that ethical decision-making is influenced by individual factors, organizational factors, and the nature of the ethical issue. According to the model, individuals evaluate ethical situations based on personal values, moral intensity, and the presence of situational cues. Decision-making strategies, such as deliberation, reasoning, and seeking information, are seen as vital in the process of making ethical decisions.
Empirical research has supported Treviño’s model and highlighted the relevance of decision-making strategies in various contexts. For instance, in a study by Tenbrunsel and Smith-Crowe (2008), participants were presented with ethical dilemmas and asked to make decisions while using different strategies, such as considering the consequences or seeking advice. The findings showed that participants who engaged in more extensive decision-making processes were more likely to make ethical decisions. This study provides empirical evidence of how decision-making strategies play a crucial role in ethical decision-making.
Furthermore, the article “The Impact of Ethical Leadership on Follower’s Ethical Decision-Making Content and Process: Examining the Role of Psychological Empowerment” by Mayer et al. (2017) sheds light on the connection between ethical leadership, decision-making strategies, and ethical behavior. The study explored how ethical leadership affects followers’ ethical decision-making by influencing their psychological empowerment, moral judgment, and moral intent. The results indicated that ethical leadership positively influences followers’ decision-making strategies, leading to more ethical decision-making processes.
In summary, the empirical research and theoretical models presented in the assigned articles emphasize the importance of applying decision-making strategies in one’s own practice. Rest’s model of ethical decision-making, as well as Treviño’s issue-contingent model, provide frameworks that highlight the steps involved in ethical decision-making and the influence of individual and organizational factors. Empirical research has consistently supported the relevance of decision-making strategies in promoting ethical behavior. The studies by Robertson and Crittenden, Tenbrunsel and Smith-Crowe, and Mayer et al. demonstrate how decision-making strategies are crucial in ethical decision-making processes. As a result, practitioners in various fields would benefit from incorporating these strategies into their practice to ensure ethical considerations are adequately addressed.