Post your response to the following: Statement 1: As incentive value (p.259) or goal level/difficulty increases (p.289), motivation for those things increases. Statement 2: Humans are also governed by the demand law (p.323), principle of least effort p.329), and law of less work (p. 330). Describe how the meaning of the first statement and second statement are incompatible. How is this incompatibility resolved? Use any information you feel is necessary from these three chapters.
The first statement argues that as the incentive value or goal level/difficulty increases, motivation for those things increases. On the other hand, the second statement suggests that humans are governed by principles such as the demand law, principle of least effort, and law of less work. In order to understand the incompatibility between these two statements, it is important to examine the meaning and implications of each statement in the context of the information provided in the relevant chapters.
In Chapter 8, the concept of incentive value is discussed as a factor that influences motivation. Incentive value refers to the subjective value that an individual places on achieving a particular goal or outcome. It is argued that as the incentive value of a goal increases, individuals are more likely to be motivated to pursue that goal. Similarly, the goal level or difficulty refers to the level of challenge associated with a particular goal. According to the goal-setting theory, individuals are motivated by challenging goals that are specific and achievable.
On the other hand, Chapters 10 and 11 introduce the concepts of the demand law, principle of least effort, and law of less work. The demand law suggests that individuals are inclined to choose behaviors or tasks that require less effort or work. This principle is based on the idea that individuals seek to conserve their energy and resources. The principle of least effort further emphasizes the tendency of individuals to minimize exertion in favor of more efficient and effortless options. Lastly, the law of less work proposes that individuals will be more likely to engage in behaviors that require less work or effort.
The incompatibility between these statements arises from their contradictory implications regarding motivation and effort. While the first statement highlights the positive relationship between incentive value or goal level/difficulty and motivation, the second statement suggests that humans are driven to minimize effort and seek behaviors that require less work. If individuals are motivated by goals with higher incentive value or difficulty, it seems counterintuitive to assume that they will simultaneously be governed by principles that promote the least amount of effort and work.
The resolution to this incompatibility lies in considering the complex nature of motivation and the different factors that influence it. Incentive value and goal level/difficulty are important motivators that can drive individuals to exert effort and pursue meaningful goals. However, the demand law, principle of least effort, and law of less work also play a role in shaping behavior and decision-making.
It is possible to reconcile these statements by recognizing that motivation is not a single-factor phenomenon. Instead, it is influenced by multiple factors, including the incentive value, goal level/difficulty, and the desire to conserve energy. While the first statement focuses on the motivational impact of the incentive value and goal level, the second statement highlights the influence of efficiency and the tendency to reduce effort.
To resolve the incompatibility, it is necessary to consider a more nuanced perspective that acknowledges the importance of both factors. In reality, individuals may experience fluctuations in motivation based on the interplay between these factors. For instance, if a goal has a high incentive value and is perceived as achievable, individuals may be more motivated to pursue it, even if it requires considerable effort. However, if an alternative option requires less work but offers a similar reward, individuals may be more inclined to choose the option that minimizes effort.
In conclusion, the first statement suggests that motivation increases as the incentive value or goal level/difficulty increases, while the second statement proposes that humans are governed by principles such as the demand law, principle of least effort, and law of less work. The incompatibility between these statements arises from their contradictory implications regarding motivation and effort. However, this incompatibility can be resolved by recognizing the multifaceted nature of motivation and the interplay between factors such as incentive value, goal level, and the desire to minimize effort.