Please make sure that is is your own work and not copy and paste. Please watch out for Spelling errors and Grammar errors. Please read the study guide. Book Reference: Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2019). (18th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson. What motivates you? Are you driven by intrinsic or extrinsic motivation? What examples might you provide to illustrate this type of motivation? Purchase the answer to view it
Motivation is a complex psychological concept that refers to the forces that initiate, direct, and sustain goal-oriented behavior (Robbins & Judge, 2019). It plays a crucial role in shaping individuals’ actions and can be categorized into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic motivation refers to engaging in an activity because it is inherently enjoyable and fulfilling. People who are intrinsically motivated find satisfaction in the process of pursuing their goals rather than focusing solely on the external rewards or outcomes. They derive pleasure and derive intrinsic satisfaction from the activity itself.
For example, consider someone who enjoys painting. This individual might engage in painting purely for the love of the creative process, the mental stimulation, and self-expression it provides. They find personal satisfaction and enjoyment in the act of painting, regardless of external factors like recognition or financial gain.
Another example of intrinsic motivation is a person who pursues a career in scientific research out of genuine curiosity and passion for discovery. While external rewards such as financial stability or professional recognition may be byproducts of this pursuit, the primary driving force is the inherent satisfaction derived from exploring new ideas, pushing the boundaries of knowledge, and making an impact in their field.
On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is driven by external rewards or consequences. Individuals who are extrinsically motivated engage in activities in order to obtain rewards or avoid punishments. The motivation for their behavior stems from factors outside of the activity itself.
For instance, consider an employee who works diligently to receive a promotion or a pay raise. The primary driving force behind their efforts is the extrinsic reward of advancement or increased financial benefits, rather than the inherent enjoyment or satisfaction derived from the work itself.
Similarly, a student studying hard to receive good grades and praise from teachers and parents is extrinsically motivated. The desire for external validation and recognition drives their behavior, rather than a genuine interest in the subject matter.
It is important to note that individuals can be motivated by a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. In many cases, the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation may not be clear-cut, as motivation can be influenced by both internal and external factors simultaneously.
For example, an athlete may participate in a sport because they find it enjoyable and fulfilling (intrinsic motivation), but they may also be driven by the desire to win competitions and gain recognition (extrinsic motivation). In such cases, the line between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation becomes blurred, and both types of motivation work together to shape behavior.
In conclusion, motivation is a complex phenomenon that can be classified into intrinsic and extrinsic categories. Intrinsic motivation is driven by internal factors and is characterized by finding satisfaction in the activity itself. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is driven by external rewards or consequences. While individuals may be influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, the primary driving force can provide insights into what truly motivates them. Understanding the different types of motivation can help individuals and organizations create optimal environments to foster motivation and enhance performance.