Pin It Complete the following table. Category Disorders wit…

Pin It Complete the following table. Category Disorders within the category Behavioral criteria for the category Possible causes Prevalence Anxiety disorders Trauma- and stressor-related disorders Bipolar and related disorders Depressive disorders Need to complete the following table Anxiety disorders Trauma and stressor related disorders Bipolar and related disorders Depressive disorders for each one I need to describe: Disorders within the category Behavioral criteria for the category Possible causes Prevalence

Category Disorders within the category Behavioral criteria for the category Possible causes Prevalence
Anxiety disorders: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), Specific Phobias, Agoraphobia, Separation Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Excessive worry and fear about various aspects of life, such as work, health, and relationships, that is difficult to control. This often leads to physical symptoms such as restlessness, fatigue, muscle tension, and sleep disturbances.

Panic Disorder: Recurrent and unexpected panic attacks characterized by intense fear and discomfort. During panic attacks, individuals may experience symptoms like a racing heart, shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, and a sense of impending doom.

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Extreme fear and discomfort in social situations, leading to avoidance of social interactions. Individuals with social anxiety may worry excessively about being embarrassed, humiliated, or judged by others. Common situational anxiety triggers include public speaking, meeting new people, and eating in public.

Specific Phobias: Intense and irrational fear of specific objects, situations, or activities. This fear is out of proportion to any actual danger posed by the phobic stimulus. Common phobias include fear of heights, spiders, flying, and enclosed spaces.

Agoraphobia: Fear and avoidance of situations or places from which escape might be difficult, embarrassing, or where help might not be available. Individuals often avoid crowded places, public transportation, and being outside their home. Agoraphobia is commonly associated with panic disorder.

Separation Anxiety Disorder: Excessive fear or anxiety about separation from attachment figures, such as parents or caregivers. This can lead to persistent refusal to go to school or stay away from home, nightmares, physical symptoms, and distress upon separation. Separation anxiety disorder is most common in children but can also occur in adults.

Anxiety disorders are believed to arise from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Neurotransmitter imbalances, particularly involving serotonin and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), have been implicated as possible causes. Childhood adversity, life stressors, and learned patterns of anxious behavior can contribute to the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders.

Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental health conditions globally. Generalized Anxiety Disorder affects approximately 3.1% of adults in the United States in any given year, while panic disorder and specific phobias affect around 2.7% and 8.7% of adults, respectively. Social Anxiety Disorder affects approximately 6.8% of adults, and agoraphobia affects approximately 0.8%. Separation Anxiety Disorder is estimated to affect 4-5% of children and is less common in adults.