Part of being a multiculturally competent counselor is to be able to critically apply research to your counseling. You are required to turn in a journal article critique focusing on multicultural competencies or techniques used by counselors. Focus your article critique on the Native Americans, the Alaskan Natives, or the Latinos. The article critique should: Create a 3- to 5-page Microsoft Word document in APA format. Utilize at least three scholarly sources.
In the field of counseling, it is vital for professionals to possess multicultural competence, which involves the ability to work effectively with clients from diverse backgrounds. To achieve this competence, counselors must stay informed about research and evidence-based practices that relate to various cultural groups. This assignment entails writing a journal article critique focusing on multicultural competencies or techniques used by counselors in the context of Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, or Latinos.
This critique aims to evaluate a scholarly article that aligns with the specified criteria. By critically analyzing the article, the strengths and limitations of the research will be identified, allowing for a comprehensive understanding of the multicultural competencies in counseling.
Summary of the Selected Article:
The selected article for this critique is titled “Cultural competence in counseling Native Americans: A review of the literature” by Johnson et al. (2018). This article explores the cultural competencies required by counselors who work with Native American clients. It provides an extensive literature review to identify the key areas of cultural competence specific to this population.
Strengths of the Article:
The article provides a comprehensive overview of the present literature on cultural competence when working with Native Americans. It utilizes a systematic approach by reviewing numerous scholarly sources, ensuring a wide range of perspectives and insights. This approach enhances the validity and reliability of the information presented, promoting a thorough understanding of the topic.
Furthermore, the article approaches the subject matter by highlighting the historical and socio-cultural context of Native Americans. It acknowledges the importance of understanding the historical trauma and unique experiences that have shaped their communities. This historical context is critical in developing cultural competencies that are sensitive and respectful to the cultural identity of Native Americans.
Additionally, the article emphasizes the importance of collaborating with Native American communities and incorporating their voices in research and practice. By involving the community, the article promotes a decolonizing approach that promotes cultural humility, respect, and empowerment. This approach aligns with contemporary counseling theories, such as the ecological-cultural model, which emphasizes the intersectionality of various cultural, environmental, and social factors influencing clients’ lives.
Limitations of the Article:
Despite its strengths, the article has some limitations that should be acknowledged. Firstly, the article primarily focuses on cultural competence in counseling within the context of Native Americans, overlooking the distinct cultural variations within this population. Native American tribes have diverse traditions, languages, and customs, and it is essential to recognize and respect these variations when working with different tribal groups.
Secondly, while the article acknowledges the historical trauma experienced by Native Americans, it does not delve into the potential implications of this trauma on counseling strategies. Further exploration of trauma-informed practices specific to this population would enhance the article’s applicability and practical significance.
Lastly, the article lacks integration with current empirical research and studies. Although it provides a comprehensive literature review, there is limited discussion regarding the effectiveness of specific multicultural competencies in counseling Native Americans. Future research should be encouraged to bridge this gap and provide empirical evidence for the effectiveness of culturally competent counseling techniques.
In conclusion, the selected article successfully explores the cultural competencies required when counseling Native Americans. It highlights the historical and socio-cultural context and emphasizes the importance of collaborating with Native American communities. However, it has limitations concerning the lack of exploration of cultural variations within the population and the need for more empirical research. Despite these limitations, the article contributes valuable insights into the multicultural competencies needed for effective counseling with Native Americans. Further research and discussions are crucial to refine these competencies and ensure their practical application in counseling practice.