Part 1Part 2 two different ways of knowing. Which of these …

Part 1 Part 2 two different ways of knowing. Which of these do you rely on and why? Provide an example. Then, describe the danger of professionals relying on just one way of knowing. What might be a consequence of this reliance? to two colleagues by explaining how their identified ways of knowing contribute to evidence-based practice (EBP). Also explain how EBP supported by science aligns with the NASW Code of Ethics values.


Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a decision-making approach that integrates the best available evidence, professional expertise, and client preferences to guide practice and improve outcomes. In order to effectively engage in EBP, professionals need to rely on different ways of knowing, which include empirical knowledge (obtained through scientific research) and experiential knowledge (obtained through personal experiences and observations). This paper will discuss the two different ways of knowing and provide an example of relying on a specific way of knowing. Furthermore, the danger of professionals relying solely on one way of knowing will be explored, along with the potential consequences of this reliance. Additionally, the paper will discuss how these ways of knowing contribute to evidence-based practice and how it aligns with the values outlined in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics.

Different Ways of Knowing:

Empirical knowledge is based on scientific research and is generally considered objective and reliable. It involves the systematic collection and analysis of data to investigate and validate theories or hypotheses. This way of knowing relies on the use of measurement tools, statistics, and rigorous methodology to ensure the validity and reliability of the findings. Professionals who rely on empirical knowledge often engage in research to inform their practice and decision-making processes. For example, a social worker working with a population of adolescent substance abusers might rely on empirical research to choose evidence-based interventions with proven effectiveness.

Experiential knowledge, on the other hand, is acquired through personal experiences, observations, and reflections. It is subjective in nature and encompasses the knowledge gained through direct contact with clients, families, and communities. Professionals who rely on experiential knowledge often highlight the importance of learning from their clients and the unique contexts of their practice settings. For example, a mental health clinician might rely on their interactions with clients and their families to gain insights into the client’s needs and preferences, which can inform their choice of therapeutic interventions.

Relying on One Way of Knowing and Its Dangers:

The danger of professionals relying solely on one way of knowing, whether empirical or experiential, lies in the limitation and potential biases associated with each. For instance, if a professional solely relies on empirical knowledge, they may overlook important contextual factors and the unique needs and preferences of their clients. This can lead to a one-size-fits-all approach to practice, which may not be effective or suitable for all clients. Moreover, empirical research is limited to what has been studied and published, and may not capture the full complexity of human experiences and conditions. On the other hand, if a professional solely relies on experiential knowledge, they may be susceptible to personal biases and subjective interpretations of the client’s needs. This can result in inconsistent and potentially ineffective practice.

Consequence of Relying on One Way of Knowing:

The consequence of professionals relying solely on one way of knowing can be the perpetuation of ineffective or harmful practices. For example, if a social worker, motivated by their personal experiences, exclusively relies on experiential knowledge and ignores current empirical evidence, they might endorse interventions that have proven to be ineffective or even harmful. This can have serious consequences for the well-being and safety of clients. Additionally, relying on one way of knowing can limit opportunities for professional growth and development. By disregarding alternative perspectives and approaches, professionals hinder their ability to adapt and respond to the changing needs of their clients and the broader societal context.

Contributions to Evidence-Based Practice:

Both empirical and experiential knowledge contribute to evidence-based practice, albeit in different ways. Empirical knowledge provides a foundation of scientific evidence, which helps professionals to identify effective interventions and strategies based on rigorous research. This knowledge can be accessed through systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and practice guidelines. Experiential knowledge, on the other hand, serves as a valuable supplement to empirical knowledge by incorporating the lived experiences of clients and the expertise and insights gained through direct engagement with them. This knowledge can provide context-specific information about the feasibility and acceptability of interventions, as well as shed light on factors that may influence the success of implementing evidence-based practices in real-world settings. It also helps to bridge the gap between research and practice by facilitating the translation of empirical findings into meaningful and feasible interventions.

Alignment with NASW Code of Ethics:

Evidence-based practice supported by science aligns with the values outlined in the NASW Code of Ethics. According to the code, social workers have a responsibility to promote the well-being of individuals, families, and communities, and to advocate for social justice. By engaging in evidence-based practice, social workers ensure that their interventions and services are based on the best available evidence, leading to more effective and efficient outcomes for their clients. This aligns with the value of competence, as social workers are expected to stay updated on current research and incorporate it into their practice. Additionally, evidence-based practice helps to promote social justice by reducing disparities in care and ensuring that interventions are equitable and accessible to all. Finally, evidence-based practice also aligns with the value of integrity, as it encourages transparency and accountability by grounding practice decisions in rigorous evidence and professionalism.


In conclusion, effective evidence-based practice requires professionals to rely on multiple ways of knowing, including both empirical and experiential knowledge. Relying solely on one way of knowing can limit the effectiveness of practice and potentially perpetuate harmful practices. The integration of both empirical and experiential knowledge in evidence-based practice allows professionals to make informed decisions that are grounded in scientific evidence, while also considering the unique needs and preferences of their clients. This approach aligns with the values outlined in the NASW Code of Ethics, promoting competence, social justice, and integrity in social work practice.