OUR TEAM HAS PICKED POSITIVE AFFIRMATIONS. DO THEY REALLY WORK Each team member will pick an article for this worksheet. Replicate these set of questions for each team member for this worksheet. Team member name: Citation of article: 1. What is the author’s goal? 2. What questions remain unanswered? 3. If I had to design an experiment to test this hypothesis, what would I do? 4. What are the independent, dependent, and control variables?

Title: The Efficacy of Positive Affirmations: A Critical Review of Current Research


Positive affirmations have gained widespread popularity as a self-help technique aimed at promoting positive thinking and enhancing self-esteem. The practice involves repeating positive statements about oneself in an effort to instill a positive mentality and manifest desired outcomes. While many individuals report positive experiences with affirmations, some skeptics question the effectiveness of this practice. This article critically examines the existing research to determine whether positive affirmations genuinely work as a psychological intervention.

Author’s Goal

The author’s primary goal is to evaluate the efficacy of positive affirmations as a psychological tool for self-enhancement. By reviewing and evaluating the existing research, the author seeks to determine whether the claims made about positive affirmations are supported by empirical evidence. The objective is to provide a clear analysis of the current state of research on this topic, enabling readers to draw informed conclusions about the effectiveness of positive affirmations.

Unanswered Questions

Although positive affirmations have been extensively studied, there are still some unanswered questions that require further investigation. Some of these questions include:

1. Does the effectiveness of positive affirmations vary depending on individual characteristics such as personality traits or self-perception?
2. What are the long-term effects of positive affirmations, and do they persist after discontinuation of the practice?
3. How do positive affirmations compare to other psychological interventions, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or mindfulness-based techniques?

Experimental Design

To design an experiment to test the effectiveness of positive affirmations, several steps need to be taken. Firstly, a sample population needs to be selected, consisting of individuals who are likely to benefit from positive affirmations, such as individuals with low self-esteem or individuals experiencing high levels of stress.

The experiment can be conducted in a laboratory setting, where participants are randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. The control group would receive no intervention, while the experimental group would engage in a daily positive affirmation practice for a predetermined period.

To measure the effectiveness of positive affirmations, pre and post-intervention assessments should be conducted, utilizing validated measures of self-esteem, well-being, and related psychological constructs. Additionally, follow-up assessments should be included to evaluate the long-term effects of positive affirmations.

Independent, Dependent, and Control Variables

In designing the experiment, it is important to clearly define the independent, dependent, and control variables. In this case, the independent variable is the implementation of positive affirmations, specifically the daily practice of repeating positive statements about oneself. The dependent variables can include measures of self-esteem, well-being, self-perception, and other psychological constructs of interest.

The control group serves as a reference point, providing a baseline against which to compare the experimental group. By not engaging in a positive affirmation practice, the control group allows for the assessment of any changes experienced by the experimental group to be attributed to the intervention rather than external factors.


While positive affirmations have gained popularity as a self-help technique, it is crucial to critically evaluate the existing research before drawing conclusions about their effectiveness. By examining the author’s goals, identifying unanswered questions, proposing an experimental design, and defining the variables involved, this analysis provides a foundation for further investigation into the efficacy of positive affirmations. Further research is needed to address the unanswered questions and establish a clear understanding of the potential benefits and limitations of positive affirmations as a psychological intervention.