in your own words Extroverts and introverts are motivated by different needs. Our books refers to this as “energizing”. What energizes extroverts? What energizes introverts? If you offered to give me $1000 to go on a roller coaster I would decline. Nope. Never. Other people might pay $20 and wait in line for the opportunity because they absolutely love it. What theory of motivation best explains human differences here? explains human differences here? Explain
Extroverts and introverts are two different personality types that are motivated by different needs and sources of energy. According to our book, this difference in motivation is referred to as “energizing.” Understanding what energizes extroverts and introverts can provide insights into their unique preferences and behaviors.
Extroverts generally derive their energy from external stimulation and social interactions. They are often energized by being around people, engaging in social activities, and participating in lively and stimulating environments. Extroverts tend to seek out opportunities for socializing, networking, and expressing themselves. They may feel invigorated by socializing and may find satisfaction in group activities, public speaking, and leading discussions. The presence of others and the external world energize extroverts and provide them with the motivation to engage in various social interactions.
On the other hand, introverts find their energy from within themselves and tend to be more internally focused. They prefer quieter and less stimulating environments that allow them to reflect, think deeply, and engage in solitary activities. Introverts may feel exhausted or drained after prolonged social interactions and may need alone time to recharge. They often enjoy activities such as reading, writing, and engaging in hobbies that provide a sense of inner calm and fulfillment. The inner world and personal reflection energize introverts and enable them to tap into their internal sources of motivation.
It is important to note that individuals may fall on a spectrum between extroversion and introversion, with some exhibiting more extroverted tendencies and others displaying more introverted traits. However, most people tend to lean more towards one end of the spectrum.
The theory of motivation that best explains the differences in the preference for roller coasters and the sources of energy between extroverts and introverts is the arousal theory of motivation. According to this theory, individuals are motivated to seek or avoid certain activities based on their level of arousal. Arousal refers to the level of activation or stimulation experienced by an individual.
Extroverts generally have a lower baseline level of arousal and seek out activities that provide more external stimulation. Roller coasters, with their intense physical sensations and social nature, may appeal to extroverts as they provide a high level of arousal. The exhilarating experience, combined with the presence of others, can be highly rewarding and satisfying for extroverts who thrive on external stimulation.
On the other hand, introverts tend to have a higher baseline level of arousal and may find roller coasters overwhelming or overstimulating. The loud noises, fast movements, and crowds associated with roller coasters can lead to a state of overarousal for introverts, potentially causing discomfort and anxiety. Therefore, introverts may be more motivated to avoid such activities and instead seek quieter and more calming experiences that maintain their preferred level of arousal.
In summary, extroverts are energized by external stimulation and social interactions, while introverts find energy from within themselves and prefer quieter and less stimulating environments. The theory of arousal provides a framework to understand why extroverts might be motivated to engage in high-arousal activities like roller coasters, while introverts may prefer lower-arousal activities that align with their preferred level of stimulation.