In this assignment, you are to write a case study about an individual student/client who is causing you concern because of his or her behavior. You will then perform a functional assessment of the problem using the required ADE SPED functional assessment form that can be found at http://arksped.k12.ar.us/sections/rulesandregulations.html. You will then fill out a final behavior support plan along with the case study and functional assessment.
Title: Case Study Analysis of a Student’s Challenging Behavior and Development of Behavior Support Plan
This case study aims to analyze the behavior of an individual student/client causing concern and develop a comprehensive behavior support plan. By conducting a functional assessment using the ADE SPED functional assessment form, we can gain a deeper understanding of the underlying factors contributing to the student’s behavior. Based on the assessment, we can design a behavior support plan to address the identified behavior concerns effectively.
Case Study: Analysis of Client Behavior
The client is an 8-year-old male student named John, currently enrolled in third grade. John’s challenging behaviors include defiance, non-compliance, and aggressiveness towards his peers and teachers. These behaviors have resulted in frequent disruptions to the classroom environment, interfering with his academic progress and social interactions. John’s behavior has raised concerns among educators, parents, and administrators, necessitating a thorough assessment and the development of an effective behavior support plan.
Functional Assessment Process:
To analyze John’s challenging behaviors, a functional assessment using the ADE SPED functional assessment form will be conducted. The purpose of a functional assessment is to identify the antecedents (triggers) and consequences (maintaining factors) leading to the behavior. By understanding these factors, we can gain insights into the function or purpose the behavior serves for the student.
The ADE SPED functional assessment form encompasses several key components:
1. Identifying information:
This section includes general background information about the student/client, such as age, grade, and any relevant medical condition or history. It provides a foundation for understanding the context in which the behavior occurs.
2. Description of the behavior:
This section entails a detailed description of the targeted behavior, including the frequency, intensity, duration, and any specific circumstances or cues related to the behavior. Clear and concise documentation of the behavior will facilitate accurate analysis and subsequent intervention strategies.
This section focuses on identifying the antecedent events or triggers that precede the occurrence of the behavior. Antecedents may be environmental (e.g., noise, changes in routine) or interpersonal (e.g., peer interactions, teacher instructions). Recognizing the specific triggers aids in developing preventive measures to minimize the occurrence of the behavior.
This section analyzes the consequences that follow the behavior, including immediate and subsequent events. Consequences can be positive (reinforcing the behavior), negative (attempting to eliminate the behavior), or other factors influencing the behavior’s continuation. Identifying the maintaining factors enables us to tailor intervention strategies that promote positive behavioral changes.
5. Hypothesized Function:
Based on the analysis of antecedents and consequences, this section formulates a hypothesis regarding the underlying function or purpose the behavior serves for the student. Common functions may include seeking attention, escaping/avoiding tasks, obtaining a desired item, or sensory stimulation. Developing a precise hypothesis guides the selection and implementation of appropriate behavior intervention strategies.
Behavior Support Plan Development:
Upon completion of the functional assessment, we can proceed with developing a comprehensive behavior support plan. This plan aims to address the identified behavior concerns and promote positive behavioral changes in the student/client.
A behavior support plan typically includes the following components:
1. Clear and measurable goals:
The plan establishes specific behavioral goals that are observable, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART goals). These goals should reflect the desired changes in behavior and serve as a benchmark for evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention.
2. Assessment of current supports and interventions:
This section evaluates the existing interventions and supports utilized for the student/client. It highlights the strengths and limitations of previous strategies and identifies areas for improvement or modification to achieve desired outcomes.
3. Selection of evidence-based intervention strategies:
Based on the functional assessment findings, evidence-based intervention strategies are chosen to address the identified needs and promote positive behavior change. These strategies may include reinforcement techniques, behavior contracts, social skills training, or environmental modifications.
4. Implementation and evaluation procedures:
The plan outlines the procedures for implementing and monitoring the effectiveness of the intervention strategies. It specifies the roles and responsibilities of individuals involved in the implementation, timelines for data collection, and methods for evaluating progress towards the desired behavioral goals.
By conducting a thorough functional assessment and developing an effective behavior support plan, educators and professionals can gain a deeper understanding of the underlying factors contributing to the client’s behavior. This process allows for the development of tailored intervention strategies to address the behavior concerns and promote positive behavioral changes. Through ongoing evaluation and refinement, the behavior support plan can evolve to meet the specific needs of the student/client.