In a two (2) to three (3) page (maximum) written paper include the following information to demonstrate your understanding of Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders using DSM-5 criteria: Include both I and II: I: Discuss your understanding of (A) Substance Use Disorders and (B) Substance- Induced Disorders (p. 481-490 in DSM-5). II: In addition, choose only one the following two disorders and fully discuss the most salient criteria for one of these disorders:
Substance-related and addictive disorders are mental health conditions that involve the misuse or excessive use of substances such as alcohol, drugs, or medications. These disorders are characterized by a range of symptoms and behaviors that have negative impacts on a person’s physical and mental well-being, as well as their social functioning. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) provides a comprehensive framework for diagnosing and understanding these disorders.
Part I of this paper will focus on discussing the two main categories of substance-related disorders as outlined in DSM-5: Substance Use Disorders and Substance-Induced Disorders. Substance Use Disorders refer to a pattern of problematic substance use that leads to significant impairment or distress. The DSM-5 categorizes substance use disorders based on the specific substance involved, such as alcohol, cannabis, opioids, or stimulants. The diagnostic criteria for substance use disorders include symptoms related to impaired control over substance use, social impairment, risky use, pharmacological criteria, and the presence of withdrawal or tolerance.
Substance-Induced Disorders, on the other hand, are characterized by substance-related symptoms that develop as a direct result of intoxication, withdrawal, or medication use. These disorders occur when certain substances or medications produce psychological or physiological changes that disrupt normal functioning. Substance-Induced Disorders can include substance-induced depressive disorder, substance-induced anxiety disorder, substance-induced psychotic disorder, and substance-induced sleep disorder. The criteria for these disorders involve the temporal relationship between substance use and the development of symptoms, as well as the exclusion of other possible causes.
Part II of this paper will discuss one of the following two disorders: Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) or Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). Both alcohol and opioids are substances that are commonly misused and can lead to severe addictive behaviors and negative consequences.
Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a substance use disorder involving the excessive and problematic consumption of alcohol. The most salient criteria for the diagnosis of AUD include cravings or a strong desire to drink alcohol, impaired control over alcohol consumption, continued use despite negative consequences, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms. The severity of AUD is determined based on the number of criteria met, ranging from mild to moderate to severe. AUD can have significant impacts on a person’s physical health, relationships, and overall functioning.
Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) is another substance use disorder characterized by the misuse of opioids. Opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain medications, are highly addictive substances. The criteria for OUD include the inability to control or stop opioid use, persistent opioid craving, social impairment, risky use, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms. Like AUD, the severity of OUD can vary based on the number of criteria met. OUD can have devastating effects on a person’s health, relationships, and quality of life.
In conclusion, substance-related and addictive disorders are complex mental health conditions that involve the problematic use of substances. DSM-5 provides a comprehensive framework for understanding and diagnosing these disorders. Substance Use Disorders and Substance-Induced Disorders are two main categories in DSM-5 that encompass a wide range of substance-related symptoms and behaviors. Furthermore, disorders like Alcohol Use Disorder and Opioid Use Disorder have specific diagnostic criteria that help clinicians assess the severity and impact of these conditions. Understanding these disorders and their criteria is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment planning.