In 500-750 words detail the ethical standards and ethical v…

In 500-750 words detail the ethical standards and ethical violations observed in two research studies presented in Chapter 2. Include: Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Ethical Standards and Violations in Research Studies

Introduction:
Research studies play a crucial role in advancing scientific knowledge and improving societal well-being. However, conducting research ethically and adhering to ethical standards is paramount to protect the rights and well-being of research participants. This paper examines two research studies presented in Chapter 2, focusing on the ethical standards followed and any violations observed.

Study 1: “Effects of a New Drug on Depression”

Ethical Standards:
The first research study titled “Effects of a New Drug on Depression” aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a novel drug in treating depression. The study followed several essential ethical standards, including informed consent, participant confidentiality, and risk minimization.

Firstly, the researchers obtained informed consent from all participants, ensuring that they were fully aware of the study’s purpose, procedures, potential risks and benefits, and their right to withdraw without penalty. This ethical practice ensures voluntary participation and respects the autonomy of the participants.

Secondly, participant confidentiality was maintained through the use of anonymous identifiers instead of personal identifying information. This practice ensures that participants’ privacy is protected, and their data remains confidential. Furthermore, the researchers emphasized that all data collected would be securely stored to prevent unauthorized access.

Lastly, the researchers took measures to minimize the potential risks to participants. This included obtaining approval from the Institutional Review Board (IRB) to ensure that appropriate safeguards were in place. Moreover, the researchers carefully screened potential participants to exclude individuals with medical conditions or contraindications for the drug under investigation. By doing so, the researchers aimed to minimize potential harm to the participants.

Ethical Violations:
Despite the adherence to several ethical standards, a violation was observed concerning the informed consent process. While the researchers obtained informed consent, they did not provide the participants with adequate information regarding the potential side effects and risks associated with the new drug. This omission raises concerns about whether participants were truly able to make an informed decision about their involvement in the study.

The researchers could have addressed this violation by clearly disclosing the known side effects and risks associated with the drug in the consent form. This would have allowed participants to make a fully informed decision about their participation and potential risks involved.

Study 2: “Impact of Violent Video Games on Aggressive Behavior”

Ethical Standards:
The second research study titled “Impact of Violent Video Games on Aggressive Behavior” aimed to explore the relationship between exposure to violent video games and aggressive behavior in adolescents. The researchers followed several crucial ethical standards, including privacy protection, voluntary participation, and debriefing.

Firstly, the privacy of the participants was protected by ensuring that data collection occurred in a confidential manner. The researchers used numerical codes instead of personal identifiers when collecting and analyzing data. By doing so, participants’ anonymity was maintained, reducing the potential for harm or embarrassment.

Secondly, voluntary participation was ensured by obtaining informed consent from both the participants and their legal guardians. This allowed participants the autonomy to choose whether or not to take part in the study, ensuring their rights were respected.

Lastly, after the data collection phase, the researchers arranged for a debriefing session, where they explained the true nature and purpose of the study to the participants. Debriefing allows participants to ask questions, clarify any concerns, and address potential psychological distress resulting from participation in the study. This ethical practice ensures the emotional well-being of participants.

Ethical Violations:
No significant ethical violations were observed in the second study. The researchers followed ethical guidelines appropriately, resulting in a robust and ethically sound research study.

Conclusion:
Adhering to ethical standards is crucial in research studies to protect the rights, welfare, and dignity of research participants. Both studies mentioned above demonstrated a commitment to ethical research practices, including obtaining informed consent, maintaining participant confidentiality, minimizing risks, and providing debriefing. However, the first study had a violation regarding inadequate disclosure of potential risks and side effects during the informed consent process, which could have been addressed through improved transparency. Overall, these studies serve as exemplars of proper ethical research conduct, favoring the well-being of participants.