I only need 2 paragraph. No cover sheet. This is not a full paper Defining Types of Causation In this week’s reading we learned about four types of causality: causally necessary, causally sufficient, causally necessary and sufficient, and causal dependence of one variable on another. post two example claims of at least two types of causality and label them appropriately. Then, explain why the example fits your definition/selected type of causality.
Defining Types of Causation
Causation is a fundamental concept in understanding the relationships between variables in different fields of study. In this paper, we will discuss four types of causality: causally necessary, causally sufficient, causally necessary and sufficient, and causal dependence. To clarify these concepts, we will provide two example claims, each representing different types of causality, and explain why they fit into the selected types.
The first type of causality is causally necessary, which means that a certain condition or event must be present for another event to occur. An example claim that fits this type is as follows: “Smoking is causally necessary for developing lung cancer.” In this statement, smoking is identified as the condition that must be present for the event of developing lung cancer to occur. This claim implies that without smoking, the likelihood of developing lung cancer would be significantly reduced.
This claim fits into the category of causally necessary because it highlights the absence of smoking as a determining factor for the occurrence of lung cancer. Without the presence of smoking, the chance of developing lung cancer is notably diminished. This example demonstrates that smoking acts as a necessary condition for the event of developing lung cancer to take place.
The second type of causality is causally sufficient, which suggests that a particular condition or event alone is enough to bring about a specific result. An example claim illustrating this type would be: “Taking a painkiller is causally sufficient to relieve a headache.” In this statement, taking a painkiller is identified as the factor that alone can result in the relief of a headache. This claim implies that no other action or condition is required to achieve this outcome.
This claim fits into the category of causally sufficient because it asserts that the simple act of taking a painkiller is enough to bring about the desired effect of relieving a headache. It suggests that no additional intervention is necessary for the relief to occur. This example demonstrates that taking a painkiller alone serves as a sufficient condition for the outcome of headache relief.
In summary, these examples illustrate two types of causality: causally necessary and causally sufficient. The first example shows the necessity of smoking for the development of lung cancer, while the second example reveals the sufficiency of taking a painkiller to relieve a headache. By understanding these types of causality, we can better analyze the relationships between variables and identify the factors that drive specific outcomes.