Good evening friend, Please help me with this essay. I want…

Good evening friend, Please help me with this essay. I want it to be exactly 2 pages in writing no heading, The text required to be used in this essay is Schaefer, Richard. 2015. Racial and Ethnic Groups. 14th edition or 13th ed. Pearson. Please do let me know if you need additional information. As agreed $7 per page in full length and I will pay fully upfront. Thank you,

Title: The Role of Racial and Ethnic Groups in Shaping Societies


Racial and ethnic groups play a significant role in shaping societies across the globe. The dynamics between these diverse groups influence social, political, and economic conditions within a society. Richard Schaefer’s book, “Racial and Ethnic Groups,” provides a comprehensive examination of the various dimensions associated with racial and ethnic groups. This essay will explore some key concepts presented in the book, focusing on the ways in which racial and ethnic groups contribute to the overall functioning of societies.

History and Identity:

One vital aspect discussed by Schaefer is the historical context and identity formation of racial and ethnic groups. Throughout history, societies have been marked by the formation of distinct groups based on race and ethnicity. These groups often develop a shared sense of identity through common experiences, customs, and languages. Understanding the historical struggles and achievements of these groups is essential in comprehending their contributions to contemporary society.

Racial and Ethnic Inequality:

Schaefer emphasizes the persistence of racial and ethnic inequalities, both within and between societies. Structural barriers such as discrimination, unequal access to education, employment, and healthcare perpetuate these inequalities. Racial and ethnic groups often face disproportionate rates of poverty and limited opportunities for upward mobility. The recognition and understanding of these disparities are crucial for addressing social justice issues and creating a more equitable society.

Assimilation and Acculturation:

The process of assimilation and acculturation that occurs when racial and ethnic groups come into contact with one another is another important topic covered by Schaefer. Assimilation refers to the adoption of the dominant culture’s norms, values, and behaviors by minority groups. Acculturation, on the other hand, refers to the mutual exchange of cultural traits between different groups. These processes can lead to cultural diversity and the formation of unique hybrid identities. Understanding the complexities of assimilation and acculturation is essential for fostering intergroup understanding and respect.

Multiculturalism and Pluralism:

Schaefer also discusses the concepts of multiculturalism and pluralism in relation to racial and ethnic groups. Multiculturalism refers to the coexistence of diverse cultural groups within a society, where each group preserves its distinct identity. Pluralism, on the other hand, involves not only recognizing diversity but also actively promoting equality and respect for all groups. These ideas challenge the notion of a dominant culture and encourage the celebration of cultural differences. The integration of multiculturalism and pluralism can lead to the creation of inclusive and harmonious societies.

Educational and Economic Contributions:

Schaefer highlights the significant contributions that racial and ethnic groups make to education and the economy. Many racial and ethnic communities prioritize education as a means of achieving upward mobility and overcoming socioeconomic barriers. Through their commitment to education, these groups enrich society by cultivating a diverse and skilled workforce. Additionally, racial and ethnic entrepreneurs play an essential role in economic development, contributing to job creation and innovation. Recognizing and promoting these contributions is crucial for fostering social cohesion and economic progress.

Political Participation and Social Change:

Another crucial aspect discussed in Schaefer’s book is the role of racial and ethnic groups in political participation and social change. These groups often advocate for policy changes that address their specific needs and promote equality. Grassroots movements led by racial and ethnic communities have played a vital role in challenging systemic inequalities and bringing about social transformation. By amplifying marginalized voices and promoting inclusive political systems, racial and ethnic groups contribute to a more democratic and inclusive society.


In conclusion, the book “Racial and Ethnic Groups” by Richard Schaefer provides an insightful analysis of the role of racial and ethnic groups in shaping societies. The historical context, identity formation, inequalities, assimilation, acculturation, multiculturalism, pluralism, educational and economic contributions, and political participation are all key aspects explored in the book. Understanding and appreciating these contributions are vital for building inclusive, equitable, and just societies. By acknowledging and valuing the diversity within racial and ethnic groups, societies can harness their collective strengths and improve the overall well-being of all individuals.