Final class work: Students will apply the knowledge acquired in class about Observation in field research. Remember that Observation is a research technique that consists of collecting data and information with the help of the senses to analyze facts, social realities and people in their real context. Give an example of field observation in a scenario; it can be a park or somewhere else. Only one page in APA style
Field Observation in a Park: A Study of Human Behavior
Observation is a widely used research technique in various disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, psychology, and education. It involves collecting data and information through the senses to understand and analyze real-life situations and people within their natural context. This study aims to demonstrate the application of observation in field research by conducting an observation in a park setting. The park environment provides an ideal context for observing human behavior in a natural and uncontrolled setting. By focusing on different aspects of social behavior, this study seeks to gain insights into how individuals interact with their surroundings and each other in a public space.
To conduct this field observation, a park located in a suburban area was chosen as the setting. The observation was carried out over a period of four hours on a sunny weekend day, between 10am and 2pm. The observer positioned themselves inconspicuously on a bench in a central location within the park, allowing for a clear view of the surrounding area. An observational checklist was utilized to record specific behaviors and occurrences, including non-verbal gestures, interpersonal interactions, and overall patterns of behavior.
Results and Analysis
The findings from the field observation revealed interesting insights into human behavior in the park setting. Notably, various social behaviors were observed, such as individuals engaging in recreational activities such as jogging, playing sports, walking their dogs, and having picnics. It was observed that different groups of people utilized different areas of the park for specific activities. For instance, families with young children tended to congregate around the playground area, while older adults often gathered in shaded areas to socialize and engage in passive activities such as reading or simply enjoying the scenery.
An aspect that stood out during the observation was the presence of non-verbal communication among individuals. Through the careful observation of body language and facial expressions, it was evident that people used non-verbal cues to convey their emotions, intentions, and interpersonal dynamics. For instance, friends sitting together on a picnic blanket engaged in playful interactions, characterized by smiles, laughter, and physical contact. On the other hand, couples sitting side by side exhibited more intimate non-verbal cues, such as leaning in towards each other and holding hands.
Furthermore, the observation also revealed patterns of territoriality and personal space. Individuals tended to establish their own space within the park, and there was an unspoken understanding of personal bubbles and boundaries. Although the park was a public space, people naturally gravitated towards areas that were more secluded and offered a sense of privacy. This behavior was particularly noticeable when the park became more crowded, as individuals would adjust their position or find alternative spots to maintain a comfortable distance from others.
The field observation in the park setting generated valuable insights into human behavior in a public space. The findings indicate that individuals engage in diverse activities within the park, influenced by their social roles, age, and personal preferences. Moreover, non-verbal communication plays a significant role in establishing and maintaining social connections, with individuals relying on body language and facial expressions to convey messages. Additionally, the observation revealed the importance of territoriality and personal space in a public environment, with individuals finding ways to carve out personal bubbles even within a shared space.
Observation as a research technique in field research offers unique advantages over other methods such as surveys or experiments. It allows for a more immersive and holistic understanding of human behavior, as it captures real-life situations and interactions in their natural context. Through observation, researchers can uncover nuances and subtleties that may not be easily captured through self-reporting methods. However, it is important to note that this field observation study has limitations, such as the potential for observer bias and the inability to capture all aspects of human behavior within the limited time frame and scope of the study.
In conclusion, the field observation conducted in a park setting shed light on various aspects of human behavior in a public space. The findings demonstrate the rich insights that can be gained through observation as a research technique. Understanding human behavior in natural settings is crucial for disciplines such as sociology, psychology, and anthropology, as it provides a deeper understanding of social dynamics and individual experiences. Future research in this area can benefit from longer observation periods, diverse park settings, and the use of technological tools for more detailed analysis. Overall, observation remains a powerful and valuable method for studying human behavior and social phenomena in their real-life contexts.