Explain how you could administer two types of questionnaires or surveys (Group-administered questionnaire, Individually-administered Questionnaire, Self-administered Questionnaire, Mailed Questionnaire, or Internet Survey) to the participants in your study. Create a Screening Question, Contingency Question, and Open-ended question for your study. In this course all your written assignments are expected to use APA Formatting and citation. The following APA Style guide provides you with explanations, models, and resources for APA style formatting and citation. .
Administering questionnaires or surveys requires careful planning and consideration to ensure accurate and reliable data collection. In this assignment, we will discuss two methods of survey administration: group-administered questionnaires and self-administered questionnaires. We will also create a screening question, contingency question, and open-ended question for your study.
Group-administered questionnaires involve administering the survey to a group of participants simultaneously. This method is particularly useful when conducting surveys with a large number of participants or when face-to-face interaction is desired. To administer a group-administered questionnaire, you would gather the participants in a suitable location and provide them with the necessary materials, such as printed copies of the questionnaire. You would explain the purpose of the study and the instructions for completing the questionnaire, ensuring that participants understand how to respond to each question. It is important to allow sufficient time for participants to complete the questionnaire and be available to answer any questions that may arise.
Self-administered questionnaires, on the other hand, involve participants completing the survey independently, without direct supervision. This method is often used when conducting surveys with a large number of participants or when it is difficult to gather participants in one location. Self-administered questionnaires can be distributed in various ways, including mailing, email, or online platforms. Mailed questionnaires involve sending printed copies of the questionnaire to participants via postal mail. This method allows flexibility for participants to complete the questionnaire at their convenience. However, it may result in lower response rates and take more time for data collection. Alternatively, self-administered questionnaires can be sent via email or administered through online survey platforms, such as Qualtrics or SurveyMonkey. These methods offer advantages such as quicker data collection and easier data management. However, they require participants to have access to the internet and basic computer skills.
Now let’s create a screening question, contingency question, and open-ended question for your study. These types of questions serve different purposes and can provide valuable information for your research.
A screening question is used to determine if a participant meets the criteria for inclusion in your study. For example, if your study is examining the effects of a specific medication, a screening question could be, “Have you ever taken medication X before?” By including this question at the beginning of your questionnaire, you can exclude participants who do not meet the necessary criteria and ensure that your results are relevant to your research question.
A contingency question is used to guide participants to different sections or questions based on their responses. This type of question allows for more tailored data collection and prevents participants from wasting time answering irrelevant questions. For example, if your study is investigating the impact of exercise on mental health, a contingency question could be, “Do you engage in regular physical exercise?” Participants who answer “yes” would be directed to a set of questions related to their exercise habits, while participants who answer “no” would skip those questions and proceed to the next relevant section.
Lastly, an open-ended question allows participants to provide detailed and qualitative responses. This type of question can provide rich insights into participants’ thoughts, feelings, and experiences. For example, if your study is exploring factors influencing job satisfaction, an open-ended question could be, “What are the main factors that contribute to your job satisfaction?” This question encourages participants to provide detailed explanations and allows for a deeper understanding of their perspectives.
In conclusion, administering questionnaires and surveys involves careful planning and consideration. Group-administered questionnaires can be conducted in person and are useful for large groups and face-to-face interaction. Self-administered questionnaires can be distributed via mail or online platforms and offer convenience but may have lower response rates. A screening question, contingency question, and open-ended question serve different purposes in data collection and can provide valuable information for your study. Employing these methods and types of questions will contribute to accurate and reliable data collection in your research.