DUE IN 4 HOURS: You’ve researched the phenomenon of false confessions and, in doing so, have also studied interrogation methods that are less likely to elicit false confessions. Consider the merits of the interrogation techniques you’ve researched and read about, including the Reid technique. Then, in a post to the discussion board, answer these questions: Must be 150-200 words with one proper citation, NO coversheet, just a paragraph
The issue of false confessions in the field of criminal justice is a complex and concerning phenomenon. Through extensive research, it has become apparent that certain interrogation methods have a higher likelihood of eliciting false confessions. One such method is the Reid technique, which has been widely used, but also highly criticized. The Reid technique is a structured approach to interrogation that focuses on breaking down the psychological resistance of the suspect and obtaining a confession. However, this technique relies on tactics that can be coercive and manipulative, potentially leading to false confessions.
One of the major criticisms against the Reid technique is the use of psychological pressure and manipulative tactics during the interrogation process. The method involves isolating the suspect, making them feel vulnerable and anxious, and employing various psychological strategies to create a sense of guilt or fear. These tactics can manipulate a suspect into falsely confessing to a crime they did not commit, as they may feel that it is their only way out of the stressful situation.
Moreover, the Reid technique heavily relies on deception or creating a false sense of evidence against the suspect. Interrogators may present false information or exaggerate the strength of the evidence to manipulate the suspect’s perception of the situation. This can lead to a heightened level of stress and anxiety, increasing the likelihood of a false confession.
In contrast to the Reid technique, there are other interrogation methods that focus on obtaining accurate information rather than coercing confessions. One such approach is the PEACE model, which stands for Preparation and Planning, Engage and Explain, Account, Closure, and Evaluation. The PEACE model emphasizes building rapport with the suspect, actively listening to their account, and challenging inconsistencies or contradicting evidence in a non-confrontational manner. This method aims to elicit reliable and detailed information rather than seeking a confession at any cost.
Research has shown that the PEACE model, along with other non-coercive techniques, can reduce the occurrence of false confessions. Studies have revealed that when interrogation methods emphasize information gathering rather than focusing solely on obtaining a confession, the overall quality and accuracy of the information obtained is significantly enhanced (Kassin, Drizin, Grisso, Gudjonsson, Leo, & Redlich, 2010).
In conclusion, the Reid technique, although widely used, has been criticized for its potential to elicit false confessions due to its coercive and manipulative tactics. Other non-coercive interrogation methods, such as the PEACE model, have shown promise in reducing the occurrence of false confessions and obtaining reliable information. It is crucial for law enforcement agencies and investigators to reevaluate their interrogation techniques and prioritize the acquisition of accurate information rather than solely pursuing a confession. This will not only help prevent wrongful convictions but also ensure justice is served.
Kassin, S. M., Drizin, S. A., Grisso, T., Gudjonsson, G. H., Leo, R. A., & Redlich, A. D. (2010). Police-induced confessions: risk factors and recommendations. Law and Human Behavior, 34(1), 3-38.