Carl Rogers was one of the founders of the humanistic approa…

Carl Rogers was one of the founders of the humanistic approach. Humanistic psychology helps individuals gain the belief that people are good, have free will, and positive human potential. Watch the video, Person-Centered Therapy Role Play (located in this module). Then complete the using the . Next, answer the following: You must start a thread before you can read and reply to other threads Purchase the answer to view it

Carl Rogers was a renowned psychologist and one of the founding figures of the humanistic approach in psychology. The humanistic approach emerged as a reaction against the prevailing behaviorist and psychoanalytic approaches of the time, which focused on external behavior and the unconscious mind, respectively. Instead, humanistic psychology emphasizes the importance of subjective experiences, personal growth, and the inherent worth and dignity of individuals.

One of the central tenets of humanistic psychology is the belief in the inherent goodness of people. Humanistic psychologists argue that individuals have an innate tendency toward self-actualization, or the realization of one’s full potential. This belief stands in contrast to the notion that individuals are driven solely by unconscious desires or external reinforcements.

Another core principle of the humanistic approach is the belief in individual freedom and personal responsibility. Humanistic psychologists emphasize that individuals have the capacity to make choices and control their own destinies. This focus on free will aligns with the philosophy of existentialism, which emphasizes personal agency and the individual’s ability to create meaning in life.

Rogers developed a specific therapeutic approach known as person-centered therapy, also referred to as client-centered therapy. Person-centered therapy is based on the assumption that individuals are capable of self-directed growth and healing. The primary goal of this therapy is to create an environment in which clients can become more self-aware, gain insight into their own experiences, and develop their potential.

In person-centered therapy, the therapist creates a supportive and empathetic atmosphere, free from judgment and conditions of worth. The therapist demonstrates unconditional positive regard, or a genuine acceptance and respect for the client as a person. By providing a non-judgmental and empathetic space, the therapist aims to foster a relationship that allows clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences. This exploration can lead to increased self-understanding, self-acceptance, and personal growth.

Client-centered therapy is characterized by three key therapeutic conditions: empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard. Empathy refers to the therapist’s ability to understand and share the client’s subjective experiences. The therapist strives to see the world from the client’s perspective and communicate this understanding. Congruence, sometimes referred to as genuineness, involves the therapist being authentic and transparent in their interactions with the client. The therapist aims to be open and honest, avoiding any façade or pretense. Unconditional positive regard refers to the therapist’s acceptance, respect, and non-judgmental attitude towards the client. The therapist communicates genuine care and support, regardless of the client’s thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.

In the video “Person-Centered Therapy Role Play,” we observe a demonstration of person-centered therapy in action. The video depicts a therapy session between a therapist and a client, illustrating the key principles and techniques of this approach. As we watch the session, we see the therapist applying the therapeutic conditions of empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard.

The therapist actively listens to the client, striving to understand and connect with her experiences. This empathetic stance is evident in the therapist’s non-verbal cues, such as nodding, maintaining eye contact, and providing verbal affirmations. The therapist also demonstrates congruence by being genuine and transparent in her interactions with the client. She shares her observations, thoughts, and feelings openly, fostering an atmosphere of authenticity and trust. Additionally, the therapist conveys unconditional positive regard by accepting and respecting the client as she navigates her thoughts and emotions. The therapist does not impose judgments or conditions on the client’s experiences but rather offers support and validation.

Person-centered therapy has been shown to be effective in various contexts, including individual counseling, group therapy, and even educational settings. Research has demonstrated that person-centered therapy can lead to increased self-esteem, self-acceptance, and overall well-being. Additionally, this approach has been effective in treating a wide range of mental health concerns, such as anxiety, depression, and interpersonal difficulties.

In conclusion, Carl Rogers and the humanistic approach have contributed significantly to the field of psychology. The humanistic approach focuses on the belief in the inherent goodness of individuals and their capacity for personal growth and self-actualization. Person-centered therapy, developed by Rogers, is a therapeutic approach grounded in empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard. This approach aims to create a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences, ultimately leading to greater self-understanding and personal growth.