300 words each -1From the lecture material, 4 schedules of reinforcement are presented. Give 1 example of each schedule from your own life. Be specific enough that I know you understand the concept. 2-Choose 1 of the applications listed about Reinforcement – in the workplace, hospitals, school or field – and explain 1) – what the application being used was and 2) how that specific application is related to your own life.
From the lecture material, four schedules of reinforcement are presented: fixed ratio (FR), variable ratio (VR), fixed interval (FI), and variable interval (VI). Each of these schedules demonstrates different patterns of reinforcement and can be observed in various aspects of our lives. Here, I will provide one example for each of the four schedules based on personal experiences to demonstrate an understanding of the concepts.
Firstly, consider the fixed ratio (FR) schedule. In my own life, I can relate this schedule to my experience of working part-time at a retail store. The store offered a sales commission for every ten items sold. This means that for every ten items I sold, I would receive a fixed amount of monetary reinforcement. This type of FR schedule encouraged me to increase my productivity, as I strived to reach the target of ten items sold to obtain the reinforcement.
Moving on to the variable ratio (VR) schedule, a relevant example is playing a slot machine at a casino. Each time I played the machine, I had the chance of winning a jackpot. However, the number of attempts required to win was unpredictable. The reinforcement was provided after an unknown number of responses, creating a sense of uncertainty and making the behavior of playing the slot machine more resistant to extinction.
Next, let’s consider the fixed interval (FI) schedule. An example from my life would be submitting assignments at university. In some courses, the professors enforced a fixed interval schedule where assignments were due every two weeks. This means that the reinforcement of receiving a grade was delivered only after the completion of the required behavior (submitting an assignment) within a specific time frame (two weeks).
Lastly, the variable interval (VI) schedule can be observed when waiting for an important email response. In my own life, I experienced this when waiting for a job offer after a series of interviews. The reinforcement in this case was the arrival of the awaited email. However, the timing of the reinforcement was unpredictable as it was dependent on the hiring process. This created a sense of anticipation and made me check my email frequently, reinforcing the behavior of constantly checking for updates.
Now, let’s move on to discussing an application of reinforcement. For the purpose of this assignment, I will focus on reinforcement in the workplace. Specifically, I will discuss the application of performance-based bonuses as a means of reinforcement. Performance-based bonuses are often used to reward employees who meet or exceed certain performance criteria.
This application is related to my own life as I have experienced the use of performance bonuses in my previous job. In my role as a sales representative, I was eligible for a monthly bonus based on my sales performance. This specific application of reinforcement motivated me to work harder and achieve better results in order to receive the additional financial reward. The bonus acted as a reinforcing consequence, increasing the likelihood of engaging in the desired behavior, which, in this case, was selling more products.
In conclusion, the four schedules of reinforcement – fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval, and variable interval – can be observed in various aspects of our lives. Examples such as sales commissions, playing a slot machine, submitting assignments, and waiting for an important email demonstrate an understanding of these concepts. Additionally, the application of performance-based bonuses in the workplace is a relevant application that can be related to personal experiences, as it serves as a motivating factor to increase desired behavior, as observed in my own previous job as a sales representative.