1. Use the Criteria of Adequacy to compare any two theories …

1. Use the Criteria of Adequacy to compare any two theories of mind (such as Cartesian Dualism vs. Identity Theory). Which do you think is the best theory? Why? 2. Explain and evaluate ā€œLibertarianism.ā€ Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

1. The Criteria of Adequacy is a useful tool for comparing and evaluating different theories of mind. It provides a framework for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of each theory based on several criteria. In the case of comparing Cartesian Dualism and Identity Theory, we can apply the Criteria of Adequacy to determine which theory is the best.

One criterion of adequacy is explanatory power. This criterion assesses how well a theory can provide explanations for various mental phenomena. Cartesian Dualism posits that the mind and body are distinct substances, with the mind being non-physical and the body being physical. This theory seeks to explain the nature of mental states and their interactions with the physical body. Identity Theory, on the other hand, argues that mental states and physical states are identical, with mental states being nothing more than physical states of the brain.

In terms of explanatory power, Identity Theory is generally considered to have an advantage over Cartesian Dualism. Identity Theory offers a more parsimonious explanation for the relationship between the mind and the body by reducing mental states to physical states. This reductionist approach provides a more coherent and unified account of mental phenomena, as it avoids the problem of interaction between the non-physical mind and physical body that Cartesian Dualism faces.

Another aspect of the Criteria of Adequacy is empirical support. This criterion assesses the extent to which a theory is supported by empirical evidence. Empirical support is crucial for determining the plausibility and credibility of a theory.

In this regard, Identity Theory has received more empirical support than Cartesian Dualism. Neuroscientific research has provided substantial evidence for the correlation between mental states and brain activity. The ability to correlate specific mental states with specific brain states through neuroimaging techniques lends empirical support to the claims made by Identity Theory. Cartesian Dualism, on the other hand, lacks empirical evidence to support its postulation of a non-physical mind.

Another criterion is coherence. Coherence refers to the internal consistency and logical coherence of a theory. A theory should be logically sound and free from contradictions in order to be considered adequate.

In terms of coherence, Identity Theory has an advantage over Cartesian Dualism. The reductionist approach taken by Identity Theory aligns more coherently with our current scientific understanding of the physical world. It avoids conflicting with principles of physical causation and natural laws. Cartesian Dualism, on the other hand, faces challenges in explaining how a non-physical mind can interact with a physical body without violating the laws of physics.

The final criterion we will consider is explanatory scope. This criterion evaluates the breadth of phenomena that a theory can explain. A theory with a wider explanatory scope is generally preferred as it can account for a greater range of mental phenomena.

In terms of explanatory scope, Identity Theory again has an advantage over Cartesian Dualism. Identity Theory, being a physicalist theory, can potentially provide explanations for a wide range of mental phenomena, including perception, emotions, memory, and consciousness. Cartesian Dualism, on the other hand, is more limited in scope as it postulates the existence of a non-physical mind that may not be able to account for the complexity and diversity of mental states.

Based on the criteria of adequacy, we can conclude that Identity Theory is the superior theory compared to Cartesian Dualism. Identity Theory demonstrates greater explanatory power, empirical support, coherence, and explanatory scope. Its reductionist approach aligns more closely with scientific principles and offers a unified and comprehensive account of mental phenomena. However, it is important to note that this assessment is based on the application of the criteria of adequacy and the current state of scientific knowledge, and future developments may lead to revisions and refinements of these theories.